A spirit drink is an alcoholic beverage obtained from distillation, maceration, and infusion. Among spirits, it is then necessary to distinguish between two broader segments:
- "simple" spirits or "eaux-de-vie" (this category includes vodka, gin, whisky, tequila, etc.)
- "compound" spirits obtained by adding an aromatic substance to an eau-de-vie or neutral alcohol. [spiritieux]
The global spirits market is growing at moderate pace, driven mainly by demand from the Asia-Pacific market.
On the other hand, the French market is shrinking; volume sales are decreasing as a result of societal perceptions about the negative effects of alcohol. However, value sales are increasing driven by higer prices and demand on premium products. The French market continues to be heavily reliant on exports, and whisky is the dominant beverage of choice in France.
Moreover, the French market is organised around two main types of players: on the one hand we find major international groups (specialized or not) in the production of spirits. On the other hand, many small and medium producers or local distilleries which are specialized in one type of alcohol; this type of production is increasingly sought after in France.
Finally, COVID-19 will most likely have a negative impact on the industry of spirits in France. A detailed analysis follows in section 2.4
1.2 The Global market's growth
In ****, the global spirits' market retailed **.** billion liters. In value terms, the market size was around $***.** in ****. [***] Moreover, between **** and **** the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of *.**% to reach more than ** billion liters sold in ****.
Several factors contribute to this growth, including premiumization of products, higher demand ...
1.3 A small decline in the domestic market
From the graph above, it is clear that the spirit market in France has contracted and is projected to continue doing so, measured through million of liters sold. In ****, close to *** million litres were sold; in ****, this value is expected to be *** million, which is equivalent to a decline of ...
1.4 International Trade
This section analyses France's trade with spirits. Data is retrieved from UN Comtrade and in particular we use the code **** – "Ethyl alcohol, undenatured; of an alcoholic strength by volume of less than **% volume; spirits, liquers, other beverage; compound alcoholic preparations of a kind used for the manufacture of beverages" in order ...
1.5 L'effet de l'épidémie de Covid-19
L'épidémie de Covid-** n'a pas épargné les acteurs du marché des spiritueux avec une chute drastique du chiffre d'affaires qui atteint son plus bas niveau en avril ****. Le report d’achat observé sur la GMS n’a pas permis de compenser les pertes observées en CHR.
Indice de ...
2.1 Profile Analysis: The French Consumer
Althought alcohol consumption in France is decreasing, the nation remains one of the highest consumers in the world in aggregate terms; as we saw in section *.*, France ranks in fourth place globally for pure alcohol consumption per capita, equal to **.* liters per year per person. [***]
The graph above shows spirits ...
2.2 Breakdown: demand per product
Below we break down spirits into different sub-categories and analyse the market oulook for each one.
In ****, *.** million liters of brandy and cognac was sold in France. This product category experienced a strong decline in sales between **** and **** (***). Until ****, this decrease is expected to continue, albeit at a lower rate ...
2.3 Demand Trends
In France the overall consumption of spirits continues to diminish. Meanwhile, there is an increase in the share of products which belong to the luxury beverage segment. According to larvf these trends are created in bars and restaurants, since it takes four to five years before premium brands reach supermarket ...
3.1 Breaking down the production & distribution chain
Agriculture is a key element in the production of spirits. Accordingly, at the core of production fermentation and distillation methods are used to obtain spirits. For each sub-category of spirits the production process matters, and often there are strict rules to which producers must adhere in order to be ...
Spirits in France are predominantly bought through hypermarkets, which in **** represented **.*% of sales value. Supermarkets are in second place (***) which held **.*% of the distribution share. E-commerce remains a small distribution channel for spirits, accounting for only *.*% of purchases.
Nevertheless, IWSR reports that e-commerce could start reaping market share from the ...
4.1 Product Overview
Below follows an overview of the different products found among spirits. They fall into two categories: eaux de vie and compound spirits.
The eaux-de-vie or simple spirit drinks:
Vodka Tequila Mezcal Brandy Marc brandy Cognac Armagnac Cider or pearly brandy Pisco Rum Cachaça Baiju Whisky
The compound spirits:
Gin Liqueurs ...
4.2 Price Analysis
Source: INSEE This graph demonstrates the price development for spirits in France between **** and ****. The base year is ****, where the value is ***; accordingly, a value of *** means that, on average, prices have increased by *% (***). Following this logic, we can see that in March ****, prices had increased by *.**% since ****. This trend can ...
4.3 Une fiscalité importante
Le graphique ci-dessus illustre la décomposition des taxes sur les spiritueux. Le montant total des taxes sur un spiritueux vendu **,*€ s'élève à **,**€.
La fiscalité appliquée aux spiritueux est réévaluée chaque année en fonction de l’inflation. Avec **% des recettes fiscales pour seulement **% des volumes d’alcool ...
5.1 An increasingly strict regulatory framework
France is affected by regulation on a European level. In particular, the regulations below are central:
Regulation (***) No ***/**** of the European Parliament and of the Council of ** January **** on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks related to this regulation, we find ****/*** and ***/**** which ...
This section looks to analyse different players in the spirits industry. In general, we can differentiate these companies by classifying them into three broad categories, presented below:
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