Content of the study:
The fertilizer market - France

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1.1 Market definition and scope

Modern agriculture relies on the use of fertilizers, which are essential to obtain acceptable yields and thus to pay farmers properly. Fertilizers fall into two categories: natural (or organic) fertilizers, which result from the decomposition of plant or animal matter, and chemical (or mineral) fertilizers, which are of mineral origin and have undergone several chemical transformations in order to possess the required qualities. We also distinguish between straight fertilizers, made up solely of nitrogen, phosphorus or potassium, and complex fertilizers, made up of a mixture of at least two of the above-mentioned substances, or even all three. Nitrogen fertilizers are the most widely used in agriculture today.

The global market is booming, driven by giants such as Brazil and the USA, and is expected to register a CAGR of 3.3% over the period 2023 - 2032 [Precedence Research]. Asia Pacific is the region with the largest market share, at around 60%, and is dominated by China with 53%.

Europe has recently gone through a number of crises that have shaken up the fertilizer market. Indeed, since the end of 2020, raw material prices have soared, sharply increasing fertilizer selling prices. This is due to the central role played by natural gas in the production of certain fertilizers, which can account for up to 80% of the production price. Then the Russian-Ukrainian conflict turned the market upside down. Indeed, since February 2022, Russia, which was the 2ᵉ biggest fertilizer exporter after China, has reduced its exports, leaving European countries deprived of fertilizer.

France did not escape these hardships, but fared well given that its production saw record results in 2022. Farmers, on the other hand, are in a difficult situation, and although Russia has resumed mass exports and prices have fallen again, demand is no longer there. Indeed, many farmers have decided to use less fertilizer or to change crops in favor of less fertilizer-intensive species.

In addition, natural fertilizers are gaining ground on chemical fertilizers as a result of collective environmental awareness. As a result, the French fertilizer market, greatly weakened by the many crises it has undergone, is undergoing a veritable revolution and must adapt to new demands.

1.2 A growing world market but a struggling European market

The fertilizer market was estimated at $*** billion in ****, and is expected to register a CAGR of *.*% over the period **** - ****[***].

Trends in global fertilizer market size World, **** - ****, in $ billions Source: ****

Asia-Pacific represents the largest fertilizer market, with a market share of around **%, and is expected to achieve a CAGR of ...

1.3 French market trends similar to those in Europe

French production dynamics are similar to those of the European market. As France does not have the resources needed to produce fertilizers on its own territory, it is extremely dependent on imports. It has therefore borne the full brunt of the drop in Russian, Belarusian and Chinese exports and the rise ...

1.4 France highly dependent on imports

France is an extremely import-dependent country. In fact, **% of our fertilizer needs are imported[***].

French fertilizer imports France, **** - ****, in $ billions Source: ****

French imports, which fell slightly in **** due to the health crisis, picked up again in **** to reach a record value of $*.* billion in **** (***).

Main French fertilizer-supplying countries France, ****, in ...


2.1 National demand undermined by difficult market conditions

French demand for fertilizers has been falling for many years. In fact, mineral fertilizer consumption has fallen by **% in ** years, according to Unifa (***)[***].

Fertilizer consumption France, ****-****, kg/Ha of arable land Source: ****

Fertilizer consumption per hectare of arable land, which had been rising until ****, stagnated for a while before declining, ...

2.2 Geographic concentration of fertilizer demand

Since we don't have access to fertilizer demand by département, we can use the département map showing the distribution of agricultural land (***) in France in **** to get an idea of which départements consume the most fertilizer.

Source: ****

France's agricultural land is geographically concentrated in the north and west ...

2.3 French demand for fertilizers reflects a desire to smooth out purchases

changing farmer profile:

French farmers are increasingly trying to establish a smoothed pattern of fertilizer consumption. This smoothing behavior enables them to have an average risk spread over a full year, resulting in better annual visibility of production costs and more controlled risk prices fluctuate throughout the year, and ...

2.4 The evolution of the French agri-food market, closely linked to fertilizer demand

French demand for fertilizers (***). Fertilizer demand is in fact an increasing function of these two markets.

Breakdown of European agricultural production by value Europe, ****, in Source: ****

France is Europe's leading agricultural producer by value, and its production in **** will account for **% of European production in the same year. This figure explains ...


3.1 Fertilizer production in decline

This section considers NAF code **.**Z entitled "Manufacture of nitrogen products and fertilizers"[***].

Number of companies in the nitrogen products and fertilizers industry France, ****-**** Source: ****

The number of companies has increased slightly since ****. With *** in ****, we can deduce that the nitrogen products and fertilizers market is not highly concentrated and ...

3.2 Organizing producers and distributors

French producers

TheUnion des Industries de la Fertilisation [***] is an organization whose main objective is twofold: to ensure the satisfaction of agricultural needs in France while limiting the ecological impact of the activity. UNIFA is committed to preserving the environment, promoting rational soil fertilization and monitoring the quality of fertilizers on ...


4.1 Product typology

There are two main categories of fertilizer: chemical (***).

Chemical fertilizers:

Produced from minerals that undergo a series of chemical transformations enabling their composition to be precisely measured, they are the heart of today's fertilizer market. They offer a number of advantages, such as almost immediate action on soils and plants. They ...

4.2 Fertilizer price trends

Fertilizers are a significant expense in agriculture, and their cost on a farm can vary according to a number of factors, including the characteristics of the production system, the farm's agronomic context, the technical itinerary and the farmer's fertilizer purchasing strategy. According to data from the INOSYS Réseaux d'élevage ...

4.3 Certain exogenous factors influence the price of chemical fertilizers

The fact that France's weight on the world market is very low compared to countries such as China, India or Brazil means that French supply and demand movements have no impact on the international market and prices. for example, according to Yara, in the event of a French demand shock, global ...

4.4 The retail offer

Fertilizer consumption by private individuals represents a marginal share of the fertilizer market in France. Nevertheless, it's worth mentioning this small part of the market here, as the supply of fertilizers for private individuals has quite different characteristics from the rest of the market.

Distribution: the distribution and marketing channels are ...


5. European regulations governing the marketing of fertilizers

The regulations particularly target the use and sale of mineral fertilizers due to their chemical dimension.

EU regulation ****/****, in force since July ****, replaces and repeals regulation (***) no. ****/****, which concerned inorganic fertilizers in particular. This new regulation lays down the rules for making EU fertilizers available on the market:

the European Union's ...


6. Segmentation

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Reviews (5)

Reviews (5)

The chocolate and chocolate factory market - France

Publicado en 23/06/2022 by Helie Krotoff


The market for sports nutrition supplements - France

Publicado en 31/01/2022 by Thibaut Reinhard - Biocanna Technologies SRL

We got the numbers we needed. Excellent study

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Thank you for your feedback. We are glad that the study lived up to your expectations. We hope you will give us a 5/5 next time ;)

The Farm Animal Feed Market - France

Publicado en 09/01/2022 by Hugo Schott - Businesscoot

Note the recent but steady take-off of organic feed for farm animals, which is leading to a renewal of research and development in the sector

Businesscoot Response:

Hello Hugo, Thank you for your feedback. We are glad that the study was up to your expectations. We hope you will give us a 5/5 next time ;)

The market for sports nutrition supplements - France

Publicado en 06/01/2022 by Amaury Wernert

The work of collection, data processing and the method to estimate the market still poorly known are very relevant. Interview with the market specialist on the impact of the Covid crisis very interesting

Businesscoot Response:

Hello Amaury, Thank you for your feedback. We are happy to read that the content and structure of the study have fully met your expectations. :)

The ready meal market - France

Publicado en 26/11/2020 by Lucie Piette - Cooperl

Good synthesis of the market with interesting figures

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Hello Lucie, Thank you for your feedback. We are happy to read that you were completely satisfied with the content of the study. :)

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