Summary of our market study

The global market for recycling services, including organic waste management, has been growing steadily, with an expected CAGR of 5.2%. Organic waste, which accounts for around 46% of total waste volume, is increasingly being recycled through composting and methanization, due to its potential for energy or fertilizer production.

The global food waste management market is expected to grow from $36.04 billion in 2020 to $55.79 billion in 2028. Despite these positive trends, challenges such as the lack of outlets for recycled products and difficulties in capturing waste from different sectors are hampering the market's full potential. Nevertheless, support for investment and technological advances, such as pyrogasification, continue to offer new opportunities for growth within the sector.

France produces a considerable amount of waste per capita, with 354 kg of household waste per year, a third of which is organic waste. The French market is experiencing a surge in local actions and regulations to improve organic waste management, supported by the 2025 Ecological Transition Law, which makes source separation of food waste mandatory.

Organic waste management in France

In the ever-changing landscape of waste management in France, the demand for organic waste recycling has become increasingly important. The move towards sustainable practices has highlighted the importance of bio-waste, defined as any waste of biological origin, including plant and animal matter that decomposes under the action of micro-organisms.

Organic waste accounts for an astonishing 14% of total waste management. Households make a significant contribution to the production of organic waste, since they produce around a third of their waste in the form of organic matter. This translates into between 100 and 200 kg per capita per year.

Public demand for recycling services is growing, and is not limited to organic waste. Specialized companies and local players are at the forefront of this movement, working in tandem according to regulations laid down by the Ministry of Ecology. France's commitment to environmental sustainability has resulted in the adoption of the Ecological Transition Law, which mandates source separation of food waste by 2025. This progressive legislation has given rise to a host of development opportunities, notably with the introduction of new technologies such as pyrogasification.

Restaurants and grocery stores, the main generators of kitchen waste, are obliged to sort their bio-waste in accordance with government regulations if their production exceeds a certain threshold. In addition, the agriculture and gardening sector plays a dual role, not only producing organic waste, but also needing compost for circular economy purposes.

Larger-scale public institutions are responsible for a variety of waste management tasks, from collection to treatment and recycling.

The sector faces challenges such as stagnating volumes of recycled organic waste and a shortage of quality outlets for recovered organic materials.

The investment incentives provided for methanization units reveal a modest profitability which, without public subsidies, may not be financially viable for many operators.

To meet these challenges, everything hinges on the development and implementation of the Territorial Organic Waste Management Scheme (STGDO).(STGDO), which emphasizes waste hierarchy, proximity, complementarity and consultation between the various stakeholders. Local and regional authorities are actively involved in the field of organic waste, launching initiatives such as ConcerTO to encourage collaboration across the territory.

Here are some of the key players in this market who are creating effective solutions for organic waste management:

Collection and management service providers

  • Cocycler and Love Your Waste: These companies specialize in the crucial first stage of the process, namely the collection of organic waste. They both serve as specialized intermediaries in the collection of bio-waste from a variety of sources such as restaurants, retailers and canteens, and provide an essential service to ensure that organic waste is directed to responsible and productive destinations.

Innovative on-site solutions

  • AxiBio and Upcycle: Offering on-site organic waste processing solutions, these companies provide modules that enable individuals and organizations to process their organic waste where it is produced. This reduces the need for transportation and streamlines the waste treatment process.

Pioneers of methanization

  • Helioprod: This company is actively involved in the development and operation of methanization units. These facilities exploit the process of anaerobic digestion to transform organic waste into biogas, which can be used as a renewable energy source, thus contributing to energy sustainability.

Compost producers

  • Val'Id, Moulinot, and Ecosec: These companies have developed their expertise in compost production, transforming organic waste into nutrient-rich soil improvers. Their activities promote soil health and help close the food production loop by returning valuable nutrients to the soil.

Specialists in waste recovery

  • BioMimetic and NextAlim: Operating in a niche sector, these companies use insects to process organic waste. By using the natural decomposition capabilities of insects, they create high-quality sources of protein and other valuable by-products.

Alternative recovery technologies

  • BioPhenol and Gecco: These entities are exploring other innovative processes for the utilization of organic waste. BioPhenol produces bio-based chemicals, while Gecco focuses on the recovery of cooking oils.

Advocates of home composting

  • Ekovore: Targeting the individual consumer market, Ekovore promotes self-sufficiency in organic waste disposal through its home composting solutions. These solutions enable households to manage
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Summary and extracts

1 Market overview

1.1 Definition

Organic waste is a category of waste that originates solely from living organisms, whether animals or plants. This waste decomposes thanks to micro-organisms and bacteria, and can thus be used to produce different sources of energy or fertilizer. There are several methods of recycling this waste, the main ones being composting (aerobic digestion) or methanization (anaerobic digestion).

In France, taking into account professional waste, there are 13.8 tons of waste per inhabitant per year. Among this waste, 14% is biologically managed (composting/methanization of organic waste) . Households produce 354 kilograms of waste per year according to the ADEME, of which one third would be of organic origin at this scale.

The recovery of organic waste thus requires a collection that takes place at different levels. Several companies have specialised in this area, and depending on the Ministry of Ecology, local actors are playing an increasing role in the management of this bio-waste.

In a sector subject to strong regulations, the prospects for development remain important, particularly with the objectives of the law of ecological transition by 2025, which provides for the sorting at source of food waste, among other things. According to Les Echos. In addition, new technologies are constantly renewing market opportunities, such as the recent development of pyrogasification.

1.2 State of play on a global scale

Globally, the market for recycling services across all components was valued in **** at USD **.** billion by GrandViewResearch. It had thus for the period ****-**** a CAGR (***) evaluated at *.*%.

Size of the market for waste recycling services World, ****-***** Source: ****

Organic waste would represent about **% of the total volume of waste per ...

1.3 European overview

Eurostat, the European Union's research and statistical institute, provides free data on waste management and waste flows in Europe.

Municipal waste generation per capita in the European Union, by country EU **, ****, in kg/capita Source: ****

The graph above shows that France is the *th country in the European Union that produces ...

1.4 In France, priority to local actions

According to Ademe's calculations, based on household waste collected by local authorities, not including green waste, a French person produces an average of *** kg of household waste per year. If we take into account all the professional waste such as agricultural, construction and industrial waste, the total amount of waste produced ...

2 Analysis of the demand

2.1 Municipal organic waste

In a **** report, ADEME provides the following overview of the composition of municipal waste, i.e. waste managed by local authorities.

Source: ****

Apart from organic waste from agriculture and forestry, the distribution of municipal organic waste is given in the table below for **** :

Source: ****

2.2 The different actors of the demand

The demand side can be divided into four distinct segments:

*. Restaurants and grocery stores

As the main producers of kitchen waste, the former have been obliged to sort their waste since * January **** er january if they produce more than ** tons of bio-waste per year (***) [***] . If they do not have composting ...

2.3 Local and territorial authorities: managing organic waste on a public scale involves a myriad of actors

In ****, the ADEME set up a territorial approach called ConcerTO (***), based on the consultation of all the actors of a territory around the organic

The aim of this approach is to propose a methodology for working together on "organic waste" channels (***), from the sources to the outlets.

2.4 Les boues d'épuration

Le graphique illustre la répartition des filières de valorisation des boues d'épuration et montre que la grande majorité des boues produites sont valorisées par épandage pour l'agriculture, la revégétalisation ou les cultures énergétiques ou par compostage, ce qui représente **% de la matière ...

3 Market structure

3.1 Overview of the recycling industry in France

In the **** annual report, FEDEREC's statistical observatory reports *,*** recycling companies, *,*** establishments, for a pool of **,*** full-time equivalent jobs, **% of which are permanent.

Of the recycling companies in France, **% have ** employees or less. Only *% of companies have more than *** employees.

Size distribution of recycling companies France, ****, in % Source: ****

3.2 Analysis of sector payroll by region

The table below summarises the number of companies and employees in the recycling sector by French region.

Source: ****

According to the following diagram, the payroll in the recycling sector in Île-de-France is the largest in France, with over *,*** employees, and the largest number of separate companies. Moreover, the average number of ...

4 Analysis of the offer

4.1 Composters and methanizers

The two main applications of organic waste recycling are composting and methanization. The first one consists of aerobic digestion (***) of organic matter; the organic waste is degraded by the combined action of bacteria, fungi and micro-organisms.

The result is a stabilized, potting soil-like product rich in minerals. It can therefore be ...

4.2 Awards and grants


The methanisation units are supported by the public authorities [***] : they benefit on the one hand from investment subsidies, generally of the order of **%, and on the other hand from a more attractive buy-back price for the gas produced. For an anaerobic digester of less than *** kW, the gas is bought ...

4.3 Problem: lack of outlets and collection

According to FEDEREC's **** annual report, the tonnage of organic waste was almost stagnant in **** (***) [***]. According to the following year's report, "the bio-waste sector is struggling to develop because of difficulties in capturing the source of waste from industry and the tertiary sector. The recovery of organic matter from treatment also struggles, ...

5 Regulation

5.1 Obligations to catering professionals

According to the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition, since ****, supermarkets, food processing industries, restaurants, school canteens, food shops and markets that produce more than ** tons of biowaste or more than ** liters per year for oils, are obliged to sort and recycle food scraps.

Failure to comply with the law can ...

5.2 Obligations to public institutions

The regulatory and legal framework for agricultural anaerobic digestion and composting activities is published by ADEME in January ****, and lists all the laws on the subject. The general texts from the European to the municipal level are listed here :

At the European level

The European directive of ** November **** specifies the framework ...

5.3 Réglementation à venir

Selon l'article L***-**-* du code de l'environnement, à partir du *er janvier ****, tous les ménages français devront trier leurs déchets biodégradables afin de les séparer du reste de la poubelle. Cette obligation de tri à la source des biodéchets, qui s'inscrit dans la loi du ...

6 Positioning of the actors

6.1 Segmentation

  • Cocycler
  • Love your Waste
  • Axibio
  • Helioprod
  • Val'Id
  • Moulinot Compost et Biogaz
  • Ecosec
  • BioMiMetic
  • NextAlim
  • Gecco
  • Suez Groupe
  • Véolia Groupe
  • Paprec Groupe
  • Biogaz Vallée
  • Méthafrance
  • Passenaud Recyclage
  • ReStalk France
  • Guyot Environnement

List of charts presented in this market study

  • Size of the market for waste recycling services
  • Taille du marché des services de traitement de déchets
  • Estimated annual food waste by country
  • Municipal waste generation per capita in the European Union, by country
  • Organic waste generation by category
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Latest news

Waste: Paprec pushes ahead in Switzerland - 15/01/2024
  • Paprec was founded in 1994 Paprec has been active in Switzerland for 13 years.
  • Paprec has acquired 40% of the capital of Helvetia Environnement, the local leader in its sector in Switzerland.
  • Two investment funds hold respectively 40% and 20% of Helvetia Environnement's capital.
  • Paprec Switzerland generates sales of €50 million from six sites.
  • Helvetia Environnement generates sales of 130 million euros with 22 operating centers.
  • Paprec invests 400 million euros annually in its production facilities.
  • Paprec recently completed its fifth round of financing, welcoming Vauban Infrastructure Partners and Crédit Agricole as new shareholders.
  • Thirty years after its creation, Paprec has achieved sales of 3 billion euros.
Veolia's plan for growth in energy - 13/01/2024
  • The group already generates a quarter of its sales (just over 10 billion out of almost 43 billion euros in 2022) from the operation of heating networks, the recovery of energy from waste and wastewater, and energy-related services.
  • The Group, which has positioned itself in the field of "decarbonizing local energy", estimates that it will be worth 500 billion euros in Europe by 2030
  • Services related to energy efficiency in buildings and industry could represent a market worth 200 billion euros by 2030
  • Green energy supply and heating/cooling networks could be worth 150 billion euros by 2030.
  • The operation of heating networks is Veolia's main energy business (revenues of 5.9 billion euros in 2022),
  • Veolia operates more than 500 networks.
Veolia to sell its engineering subsidiary SADE - 27/11/2023
  • SADE's annual sales are expected to reach around 1.1 billion euros in 2022.
  • SADE employs around 6900 people.
Better waste management: Guyot's innovation - 08/11/2023
  • Zero landfill" objective.
  • This is the ambition of Guyot environnement, which in the space of forty years has become a heavyweight in recycling in Western France, and now also in energy production
  • Creation of a 1.7 km heating network by 2026, with an investment of 60 million euros, to supply the site of American oilseed processing giant Bunge
  • Agreement with Even, a Breton agri-food specialist, to create a 9 MW boiler room to supply the Laïta plant in Créhen, Côtes-d'Armor. Investment of 16 million euros
  • Guyot Environnement sales: 280 million euros
  • Number of Guyot Environnement employees: 400
Citeo and Suez start up France's second plastic packaging sorting facility - 28/10/2023
  • The Suez group and Citeo have invested 19 million euros in the conversion of a plastic packaging sorting platform.
  • 15 million euros were injected by Citeo and 4 million by the Suez group
  • The extension of sorting rules to all household packaging has been mandatory in France since January 1, 2023.
  • The over-sorting center in Epinal is designed to sort four main types of plastic: colored PET, opaque PET, PET trays and polystyrene.
  • 25,000 tonnes of plastic, mainly from the eastern part of France, should be over-sorted each year in Epinal.
  • The Epinal site is the second over-sorting center to be built in France, after Bourgogne Recyclage and before Environnement Massif Central, which is due to open in mid-2024.
  • The recycled plastics leaving the Epinal center will be recycled in France or in neighboring countries.
  • Starting in 2025, Carbios will process multilayer PET trays at its future Longlaville plant.
Paprec sets foot on the promising Scottish market - 12/10/2023
  • The family-owned group, number one in waste management in France with forecast sales of 2.7 billion euros for 2023
  • Scotland our eleventh country of operation
  • Construction and operation of a waste-to-energy plant in partnership with Binn Group, a Scottish company specializing in waste treatment.
  • Total ban on the practice of landfilling waste in Scotland from January 1, 2026.
  • Paprec Energies will own the Scottish plant, which already generates 300 million euros in sales
  • Creation of an in-house company dedicated to the design of waste-to-energy units, Paprec Engineering (around 400 people).
  • It brings together experts from Paprec, Tiru, a Dalkia subsidiary acquired in 2021, and CNIM E & E EPC

Companies quoted in this study

This study contains a complete overview of the companies in the market, with the latest figures and news for each company. :

Love your Waste
Moulinot Compost et Biogaz
Suez Groupe

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