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1.1 Market definition and scope

The waste handling is an activity that is meant to be invisible but which is as important as it is organized . It also has a scientific name: the rudology, which can be defined as the systematic study of waste

In France, waste management activities are grouped under the iNSEE NAF 38 nomenclature "Waste management and recycling".

This division includes the waste collection, treatment and disposal . This also includes the local transportation of waste and the operation of material recovery facilities.

The waste comes from two major customers the local authorities (which mainly collect waste from households) and the companies (whether industrial, agricultural, or service). The construction companies represent 70% of waste production

Current waste sorting and reduction trends (reinforced by legal incentives) could change the activity, by reducing the annual volume of waste while increasing the value of each. Actors capable of investing heavily seem best equipped to respond to these new dynamics.

1.2 Europe, the largest waste management market

In ****, europe accounted for **% of the global waste management market, estimated at *** billion dollars [***]

Source: ****
This market will grow with the increase in the amount of waste generated (***), and the proportion of waste treated
The european trend is duller with low rates of growth in turnover [***]
Germany saw its turnover grow ...

1.3 The market has been stagnating in France since 2012

Like the rest of Europe, france is experiencing stagnation in waste management revenues even if a slight rise is expected by ****

Source: ****
For **** Statista forecasts a turnover of **.* billion euros . Compared to the previous year, this is an increase of *.*%. For the period **** to ****, average annual revenue growth of *.*% is expected. ...

1.4 Foreign trade

France does not fully treat its waste and exports a portion of it, which in **** represented approximately *.*x the volume of its imports  Source Ademe In ****, france imported * million tonnes of non-hazardous waste at ¾ for metals and minerals. The flows come from neighbouring countries. These imported wastes are then treated in ...


2.1 Typology of waste producers

The production of waste in France can be prioritised in this way:

Source: ****
The construction accounts for more than **% of waste production in France, while households weigh less than **%. However, this waste is of a very different nature
The classic distribution pattern will be difficult to represent in waste management. The ...

2.2 Awareness of the need to reduce waste production

In recent years, there has been a downward trend in waste generation by households This is a consequence of awareness-raising policies and environmental awareness

Source: ****
Thus, while growth has resumed in France since ****, the emission of municipal waste (***) has only decreased. Such a trend could affect the waste collection and treatment ...


3.1 Many small companies facing very big players

Source: ****
France is the European country with the largest number of companies active in the waste management market . By ****, *,*** businesses had been registered there according to Statista.
This relatively large number of companies compared to the size of the market makes it possible to consider a industry consolidation in the future ...

3.2 Distribution of enterprises by type of services

Source: ****
There is a decrease in industry revenues between **** and **** s, in particular at the sorted waste recovery which lost *.*% of its turnover per year over this period. This decrease is all the more worrying since the recovery of sorted waste represents nearly **% of total turnover. Other important activities are collection ...

3.3 Production that is becoming more efficient thanks to major R&D efforts

Source: ****
There is a downward trend in waste generation, which is expected to continue in the coming years. This is a consequence of the growing awareness of pollution caused by waste. These societal trends have manifested themselves in the vote on the ban on plastic bags in supermarkets or the entry ...

3.4 A distribution of firms and jobs directly correlated with demographics

The most densely populated regions are logically those with the most waste-related businesses and jobs, because the amount of waste produced is a function of population

Source: ****
Industry has companies, and jobs, in every region of France Paris Region is the region with the highest number of waste-related jobs, with almost ...

3.5 Typology of waste produced

The waste management market is based on the production of waste. They are wide-ranging and can be listed as follows:
Organic waste of plant origin Organic waste of animal origin Non-hazardous waste Hazardous waste Used plastics Used Tires Used oils Batteries Drugs Waste electrical and electronic equipment.
Nevertheless, a simplified classification ...


4.1 Despite the decrease in waste generation, expenditures are increasing

It is interesting to note that there is a decrease in the amount of waste produced in France . However, the expenses incurred to manage them have increased. Households, local authorities and businesses combined spent **.*** billion euros in **** and **.*** billion euros in **** according to Ademe.

Source: ****
Local authorities contribute significantly to the ...

4.2 Increasing waste recovery

Source: ****
**% of waste will be recycled, or recovered to produce electricity, in France in ****. There is also a trend towards a reduction in the proportion of waste disposal (***). France recovers energy from **% of treated municipal waste, where Finland, Norway, Denmark or Estonia exceed **%.
It should be noted that the cost of ...

4.3 Companies offer a range of services

Waste management is a very specific sector of activity. It is present during the last stage of a product's life cycle. It is therefore necessary to offer a service rather than a specific product. Thus, waste management is carried out at several levels and includes several stages, which are listed below. ...


5.1 World Customs Nomenclature and Harmonized System

The Harmonized System is a international nomenclature for product classification. It allows participating countries to classify traded goods on a common basis for customs purposes. At the international level, the Harmonized System (***) for the classification of goods is a six-digit code system. [***]
The HS includes approximately *,*** item/product descriptions that appear ...

5.2 Regulation has a lasting impact on the market

Waste management companies are subject to strict regulations. Indeed, the natural or legal person who holds the waste is responsible before the law for its proper treatment. Identification is a key concept. Orders, more commonly referred to as applicable regulations, are defined according to the size, location and hazardousness of the ...

5.3 Stronger regulation to benefit the industry?

Regulatory expectations appear to be positive for the waste management industry: the stricter the regulations, the higher the price paid to the collection or treatment operator, because of the skill required and the investment required The energy transition law is, however, bringing mixed signals to the industry The generalisation of separate ...


6.1 Segmentation

The ** most important players in the market:
CNIM Mistletoe Dolphin Environment Séché Environnement Sita (***) Republic Services Veolia Environmental Services Waste Management Coved Derichebourg Paprec
Smaller players
Pizzorno Nicollin Urbaser environment Chimirec Tiru Group

  • CNIM
  • Gui Dauphin Environnement
  • Séché Environnement
  • Sita (Suez Environnement)
  • Republic Services
  • Waste Management
  • Coved
  • Derichebourg
  • Veolia Propreté
  • Paprec
  • Pizzorno
  • Nicollin
  • Urbaser environnement
  • Chimirec
  • Groupe Tiru

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chargé d'études économiques, Xerfi

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Mathieu Luinaud

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PhD Industrial transformations

Robin Charbonnier

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Pierre Doussau

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Arnaud Walter

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