1.1 Definition and presentation
The term "waste management" refers to the set of policies, procedures and methodologies by which waste is managed from its generation to its final destination. The different stages involved are: collection, transportation, recycling and disposal.
We distinguish three categories of waste:
-Hazardous municipal waste
Globally, the waste management market is growing very rapidly as even developing countries, moving closer to the capitalist model, produce more and more garbage. According to the WAS Report, an annual report by WAS - Waste Strategy, companies involved in waste collection, treatment and disposal recorded an increase in waste managed of 6.4 percent and investments of +4.1 percent in 2019.
As for the Italian market, municipal waste, which accounts for the majority of waste in percentage terms, was about 30 million tons in 2019. Each Italian citizen therefore produced about 500 kilograms of annual waste. With respect to per capita value, the highest average values are in Central - Italy (548 kilograms per inhabitant) compared to the North (518 kilograms per inhabitant) and the South (445 kilograms per inhabitant). At the provincial level, the regions with the highest values are Reggio Emilia, Rimini and Ravenna while the lowest are Potenza and Avellino. On the one hand it is estimated, given the increase in consumption, a positive growth in waste production on the other hand, however, an increase in separate waste collection and recycling activities is expected.
There are two major trends in the waste management sector. The first is innovation that aims to make waste management companies increasingly able to recycle material, and the second is the sectoral convergence of increasing the dialogue between industrial realities and waste management companies with the aim of targeting the circular economy.
1.2 The evolution of the global market
The global waste management market was valued at $*,***.* billion in **** and is expected to reach $*,***.* billion by ****, registering a CAGR of *.* percent from **** to ****.
The World Bank's **** What a waste *.* report highlights waste management issues on a global scale. From ocean pollution to waste-ridden poor regions, there are many problems caused ...
1.3 The Italian Market
The waste management sector is a fast-growing sector in recent years in Italy, and as we can see from the following graph, this is evidenced by the increase in turnover in the waste management sector, which increased aggregately at a CAGR of *.* percent between **** and ****. Data reported by ISTAT for the ...
1.4 Exports and Imports of Waste
Regarding the export and import of waste, in ****, *** thousand tons of municipal waste were exported and about *** thousand tons were imported
The exported waste consists of **.*% of "Waste produced by mechanical waste treatment" and **% of "Solid Secondary Fuel". On the other hand, the imported waste consists mainly of "Glass"(***). As for ...
2.1 Types of special waste generated
As seen in section *.*, about ** million municipal wastes were generated in Italy in ****. In addition to this type of waste, about *** million special wastes were then produced in the same year.
Already between **** and **** an increase in the production of this waste had been noted, amounting to *.* percent, corresponding to about ...
2.1 An overview of municipal waste generation
As seen, municipal waste accounts for only a small share of the total waste generated in Italy in ****. Compared to ****, there was an increase in the amount produced only in northern Italy, with almost **.* million tons of waste, while there was a decrease in the Center (***) with *.* million tons.
The following ...
2.3 An overview of special waste generation
At the territorial level, the production of this type of waste is mainly concentrated in northern Italy, in fact about **.*% of the total (***).
At the regional level, it is Lombardy, with more than **.* million tons, that produces the most, about ** percent of the special waste generated in northern Italy, followed by ...
2.4 Italians and separate waste collection
Istat has investigated the habits of Italian households with reference to the ways in which they separate waste, showing that those residing in the North differentiate waste more than other parts of the country. The record belongs to households in the Northwest: glass **.* percent, aluminum containers **.* percent, plastic containers **.* percent and ...
3.1 Market structure and dynamics
In Italy, the market is somewhat fragmented and far from being consolidated at the industrial level. In fact, the situation in Italy is quite different from the rest of the world. As can be seen from the two graphs shown here there is a clear difference in turnover between the large ...
3.2 Municipal Waste Management
The most common form of municipal waste management in Italy are mechanical biological treatment and landfill. However, the latter has undergone a ** percent reduction between **** and ****, with an increase in other forms of material recovery. The treatment of the organic fraction of separate waste collection (***) increased from *.* million tons to nearly ...
3.3 Special waste management in Italy
As mentioned, there are ***.* million tons of special waste managed in Italy, of which **% is non-hazardous and the remaining *.* million (***) is hazardous. There are several ways in which special waste can be managed :
R*: Main use as a fuel or other means of producing energy,R*: Solvent regeneration/recovery,R*: Recycling/recovery ...
4.1 Expenditure on waste management
Italy's national expenditure on waste management has been calculated at *.** billion euros, a figure that has seen a percentage increase of ** percent over the past ** years. Even in **** there was an increase in spending, despite a reduction in municipal waste generated by about * million tons.
National Expenditure on Waste Management Italy, ...
5.1 Waste Classification
Waste is classified:
according to origin, into municipal waste and special waste; according to hazardous characteristics, into non-hazardous waste and hazardous waste.
Urban waste under Article *** ofLegislative Decree ***/****,as amended and supplemented:
household waste, including bulky waste, from premises and places used for civil habitation; non-hazardous waste from premises and places ...
5.2 National and European regulations
In Italy it is appropriate to distinguish two types of waste management : recovery operations and disposal and treatment operations. Recovery operations are the responsibility of the plants that manage the collected waste while in the second case incinerators, landfills and mechanical-biological treatment plants intervene.
Waste disposal in Italy was organically regulated ...
- Groupe Paprec
- Recylex Groupe
- Veolia Environnement
- Alia Servizi Ambientali SPA
- Consorzio Nazionale Per La Raccolta Il Riciclo E Il Recupero Degli Imballaggi In Plastica (Corepla)
- Gruppo Veritas
- Azienda Milanese Servizi Ambientali SPA (AMSA)
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