1.1 Definition and presentation
Public lighting identifies the set of structures designed to illuminate public spaces or places. The concept of public lighting is relatively recent, dating back to the nineteenth century, for reasons of public safety, coinciding with the increasing urbanization and crime.
The public lighting is a service offered by the Municipality aimed at the management, maintenance and control of the systems in a framework of cost efficiency and safety. Italy is among the countries where public expenditure on lighting is among the highest, with a decisive gap compared to the European average, and an intra-regional gap, with the North at the top. There are numerous projects aimed at better management of light, and additionally also the global expectations regarding street lighting in particular are promising, with a very high share of the use of LEDs by 2023.
The value of the lighting production of Italian companies has recently recorded a fluctuating trend, an evolution which, however, does not correspond to the development of the industry's turnover, which continues to grow. Uncertainty regarding the future development of the sector and consequently of the public service in the Italian municipalities is expected, also due to a change in the regulations in force.
1.2 A considerable global lighting market
According to AFE (***), the global lighting market is estimated at €** billion. Whereas the global lighting as a service market – which includes maintenance, financial and other services – is expected to reach USD *.* billion by ****.
Again, according to the data of AFE, about **% of total electricity production in Europe - or *,*** TWh ...
1.3 Street lighting market in Italy
The size of the public lighting market in Italy is difficult to estimate. In order to have an overview, there are different variables to be taken into account:
- Public lighting energy consumption (***)
- Public lighting spending (***)
- Turnover of the lighting market
Taking **** as the reference year equal to ...
2.1 Inadequate public lighting
Demand for public lighting can be analyzed by looking at two sets of actors: the end consumer (***) and the society as a whole. Both sets of actors help shape the demand for public lighting, and even stronger the evolution of the industry.
Statistics estimate circa * street lamp every * inhabitants in Italy. ...
2.2 Municipalities commit to energy efficiency and smart technologies
Densité de la population (***)Italie, ****
The two pictures above represent respectively the population density of the territory (***) and the lighting usage of the territory. There seems to be a positive correlation between the density of a territory - in terms of inhabitants per square meter - and the usage of ...
2.3 Excessive public lighting spending and consumption
Italian municipalities spend an excessive amount of money on public lighting, especially due to poor choice of lamps – which consequently increases the amount of energy necessary. On the Italian territory, in fact, circa *.* billion euros were spent on public lighting in ****. [***] Figure that positions Italy at the top of the European ...
3.1 An overview on the fragmented public lighting management market
Public lighting management refers to a highly fragmented service in the hands of the individual municipalities throughout the Italian territory. Within the so-called management of public lighting, different activities are taken into consideration:
The management of public lighting; The ordinary and extraordinary maintenance; The periodic verification.
Additionally, it could include also ...
3.2 The first side of production: electricity
As described in the Law on Public Lighting, energy can be supplied locally in two ways:
- By a utility company as an autonomous service (***)
- By the same provider of the infrastructure and the public lighting service, as a single global contract.
Similarly, energy is generally delivered through the next ...
3.3 A focus on renewable energy
Below an exemplification of the **** balance sheet for the electricity segment. On the left side the segmentation between renewable and non-renewable energy production, on the right side the consumption by industry.
A breakdown by geographical region highlights the grater incidence of some Italian areas in respect to other in terms ...
3.4 The other side of production: infrastructure
ASSIL is the national association for lighting, which brings together circa ** companies active in the market - manufacturers of luminaires, electrical components for lighting, light sources and LEDs. The associated companies have generated in **** a turnover of *.* billion euros, which represented more than **% of the total Italian turnover in the industry. ...
3.5 Regional allocation of services to providers
The public lighting services sector in Italy is a complex and territorially fragmented market. The lighting system of public cities is a key element in the aspect of any urban reality and its planning, implementation and management is very complex to manage at national level - as a global market. Thus, ...
4.1 The inefficient current lighting offering
According to ASSIL – the national association of the lighting market - there were in **** circa * million lights in urban areas on the Italian territory: of which **% are obsolete and **% are inefficient. [***]
To provide street lighting service, a municipality must:
Construct the infrastructure of the plant, if any, in accordance with legal ...
4.2 Costs and prices vary greatly
There are many variables to be taken into account when observing the costs and prices within the public lighting segment. Undoubtedly a relevant factor is the price of electricity in Italy.
Additionally, due to the specific nature of the public lighting industry and the requirements necessary for its functioning, costs ...
4.3 Increasing LED offering in the lighting industry
The supply of street lighting has been progressively adapting to a more cost and energy efficient mentality, whose core is LED. The most widely used technology is still sodium-based, but LED lights are becoming the first choice for new installations and replacements of old infrastructure and items, as part of new ...
4.4 Main investments towards the advent of smart cities
The smart city projects include all activities aimed at increasing the efficiency and reducing the waste generated from all public sectors, through the application of Internet of Things. Among the different projects of the “city of the future”, the Italian public administration is focusing in **** especially on topics such as security, ...
5.1 Regulatory framework in Italy
In the Italian legislation, the law regulates the management of public lighting systems and more specifically:
The operational activity of lighting systems; The ordinary and extraordinary maintenance of lighting systems; The periodic inspection - fixed at a predetermined frequency according to the chosen level of the lighting systems.
However, the law ...
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