1.1 Presentation and market definition of lamps and bulbs
The light bulb and lamp market is composed of light bulbs (lighting devices, consisting of a transparent or translucent, gas-tight envelope containing a luminous body), lamps, and chandeliers.
There are several types of light bulbs, the main ones being incandescent bulbs, halogen lamps, compact fluorescent lamps, and LEDs. In addition, several consumer segments are to be distinguished. Households are not the only ones to consume lamps and bulbs, for decoration or maintenance. Automobile and construction are two industries that require a large number of light bulbs and lamps. Public lighting is also an important customer sector.
The world market is growing due to the urbanization of developing countries. It should thus grow by 4.3% per year between 2020 and 2027 driven by the global construction market and the development of LED technologies, particularly in Asia.
The French market, for its part, is in a phase of decline in recent years with the complete change in the market structure and the strong competition from Asian countries The ban on incandescent and halogen light bulbs has led to an upheaval in the sector and the players have had to close their production lines, often without replacing them, due to a lack of know-how in LEDs. Most of the supply has been relocated to Asian countries The number of French players on this market and their turnover is therefore constantly declining.
The main trends are the massive use of LEDs (replacing other light bulbs) but also the increase in the use of smart lighting with the intensity, color, etc, being managed remotely on a smartphone. Finally, some players are relocating to France, particularly for professional lighting products with the aim to be as close as possible to customers, who are more demanding than private individuals.
1.2 Global context and market
The world market for lamps and bulbs has grown significantly in recent years. Some developing regions such as Asia, the Middle East, and Africa are leading the market due to their increasing urbanization. Trends such as LEDs or the Internet of Things are also contributing to the dynamic demand.
The market ...
1.3 The French market has shrunk considerably
The turnover of the manufacturers of electric lighting fixtures is grouped under the NAF code **.**Z, which includes the manufacture of lamps, bulbs, headlamps, etc. It is estimated at *.** billion euros in ****.
This subclass includes the manufacture of electric light bulbs and tubes, and parts thereof (***).
Turnover of manufacturers of electric ...
1.4 Imports & exports
The following customs tariff codes are used to analyse foreign trade in lamps and bulbs in France:
****: "Electric filament or discharge lamps and tubes, including sealed-beam headlamps and projectors and ultraviolet or infrared lamps and tubes; arc lamps; light-emitting diode "LED" lamps and tubes; and parts thereof" ; ****: "Portable electric lamps, ...
1.5 Impact of Covid-19
Covid-** has had a significant impact on the sales of lamp and bulb manufacturers. Indeed, in April **** there was a **.*% drop in sales compared to the previous year. The gap then narrowed as factories and stores reopened to-**.*% in May **** compared to ****, -**% in June, and -**.*% in July
2.1 Demand is driven by 4 sectors
Lamps and bulbs are used by industry, communities, and the general public.
The two industries that consume the most light bulbs are the automobile industry for vehicle headlights and the construction industry for the equipment of buildings. Both sectors have been doing relatively well since **** but are expected to be hit ...
2.2 Demand from the automotive sector
The consumption of lamps and bulbs is important in the automotive industry and is used in particular for the production of headlights and other projectors. Vehicle construction is, therefore, a major outlet for the sector, particularly in Europe where it is highly developed.
Both markets followed very similar sales trends until ...
2.3 Construction and real estate sectors return to growth
The construction sector experienced a period of decline between **** and ****, slowing down construction sites and consequently reducing its demand for lamps and bulbs. However, it seems to be on the rise again since **** and could therefore contribute to the recovery of the lighting sector.
However, as in the automotive sector, the ...
2.4 The opportunities of public lighting renovation
The number of light points per km of illuminated lanes in street lighting has been falling sharply since ****. It has thus decreased by **.*% for all municipalities between **** and **** and even by **.*% for municipalities with *,*** to *,*** inhabitants
Evolution of the number of light points per km of lit roads in municipalities France, ...
2.5 Household consumption declining but with significant development potential
A decrease in overall consumption
Household lamp consumption has been declining significantly since **** after a period of steady growth. It fell by **.*% between **** and ****.
Consumption of lighting equipment increased sharply between **** and ****, before following a downward trend between **** and **** (***).
Actual household consumption of lamps and lighting fixtures France, ****-****, in millions ...
3.1 The lamp and bulb value chain
The value chain for lamps and bulbs consists of four steps. First, there is the production of raw materials by suppliers. Lamps and bulbs are complex products that contain a multitude of assembled components.
Producers then manufacture the final products as we consume them.
Distribution then splits into two main channels: ...
3.2 France's productive fabric is eroding
The number of French companies in the lighting sector has been falling steadily since ****, with an **% decrease in their number since that date.
The number of employees is also declining even more sharply since ****. The workforce was reduced by **.*% between **** and ****. Companies are facing international competition and a ban on some ...
3.3 Distribution channels
Professionals can obtain their supplies from traders in electronic equipment or specialized in lamps and bulbs. This allows them to buy in larger quantities and at lower prices.
However, for individuals, or companies with occasional needs (***), it is necessary to go through commercial channels. Thus, **.*% of sales to the general public ...
3.4 France suffers from a lack of competitiveness
The international players in the lamp and bulb market have all committed to the gradual closure of their French production sites.
In ****, Philips Lighting (***), which produced commercial, urban, and "open space" lighting, respectively. [***]
In ****, Ledvance (***) had already closed its only halogen bulb production site in France, located in Molsheim.
There were ...
3.5 French start-ups boost the LED market
Although France is still lagging behind in the production of LEDs, the country has an increasing number of companies and start-ups specialising in their use. A complete study on the LED market is available here.
The Grenoble-based start-up Aledia, founded in ****, has developed a *D LED solution based on more ...
4.1 Typology and comparison of products offered
As far as light bulbs are concerned, there are different types with different underlying technologies used in France today:
The incandescent bulb: This bulb, invented in **** by Thomas Edison, is the one that revolutionized the world, but its technology is now outdated. Only *% of the energy consumed is transformed into light, ...
4.2 Lamp and bulb prices are falling
Consumer prices for lighting equipment for households have been declining since ****, with a sharp drop between **** and **** and some stability since then. Prices had peaked in ****, so this decline is more of a return to normal. The price of LEDs is falling particularly sharply, making them increasingly attractive to households and ...
4.3 LEDs and connected objects as innovations and market dynamics
The LED market boom
The global LED market is growing.
According to UNEP, switching to new lighting technologies such as LEDs could save $*** billion and reduce CO* emissions by ***M tonnes/year. [***]
In France, **% of lighting systems in the tertiary sector are said to be obsolete, some of which are more ...
5.1 European regulations
Many regulations on the lighting market are not specific to the French market but have been harmonised at the European level. It is the Low Voltage Directive and the Electromagnetic Accounting Directive that have laid the foundations for the rules that lamps must comply with within Europe. [***]
Firstly, CE marking has ...
- GE Lighting (General Electrics)
- Signify (ex Philips Lighting)
- Xanlite Yantec
- Lucibel SA
- Leroy Merlin France
- Castorama France
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