from 2020 onwards, the global cybersecurity market experienced significant growth, with demands for both defensive and offensive aspects of information systems use. Expected to grow at a CAGR of 14.5% to 2024, the market is expected to reach a value of nearly $268 billion, driven by increasing Internet penetration and cyber threats.

The French cybersecurity market reflects this trend with a sustained pace of expansion, expected to maintain average growth of at least 10% through to 2020. In terms of spending, France incurs substantial costs, ranking fifth worldwide with organizations spending an average of $9.72 million a year to mitigate cyber risks. The French market is underpinned by strong demand from the public sector and a large number of service providers. France boasts a mature market where the key players in cybersecurity are not only large corporations, but also innovative SMEs and startups. Despite the boom in the market, concerns remain about preparedness for cyber-attacks and the demand for advice and expertise in cybersecurity.cyber resilience is an integral part of the strategy for anticipating and responding to threats.

Growing demand for cybersecurity measures in a digitally evolving France

The digital landscape in France has witnessed an alarming rise in cyber threats, inspiring a commensurate increase in demand for robust cybersecurity solutions. French businesses are increasingly falling prey to malicious cyber activities, with around 70% of small and medium-sized enterprises having suffered cyber attacks. Large companies are no exception; renowned entities such as Renault have faced the repercussions of cyber attacks, highlighting the serious vulnerabilities of French businesses.

The French cybersecurity market, which is evolving in parallel with global trends, is expanding rapidly, and is expected to reach between 2.5 and 3.7 billion euros in the coming years. French organizations from various sectors such as finance, industry and the public sector are stepping up their demand for stronger cybersecurity measures. This call to action is a direct response to the startling statistic that some 93% of large companies are confronted with cyber incidents every year. The urgency is such that the French cybersecurity market, described as energetic and fast-growing, is expected to record a cumulative growth rate of around 10%, pushing industry players to innovate and expand their service offerings. Despite escalating risks and awareness, a gap persists; only 13% of companies surveyed had protected their assets with cyber insurance in 2018, indicating significant scope for market growth. The French market, while mature, is still grappling with security preparedness - only between 10% and 15% of employees have confidence in their company's cyber defenses, highlighting a clear opportunity for increased cybersecurity advice and services. In addition, an examination of French consumer behavior reveals a poignant concern for privacy and cyber threats. A majority of almost 70% are very worried, despite France's reputation as one of the countries least affected by cyber attacks worldwide.

It is interesting to note that preventive measures such as installing antivirus software and launching employee cybersecurity awareness programs are more widespread in companies with between 10 and 49 employees than in small businesses with fewer than 10 employees. At the International Cybersecurity Forum (FIC), major trends were identified, including an increase in sophisticated attacks targeting critical infrastructures, a rise in cybercrimes involving huge financial stakes, and a move towards securing every link in the company's value chain. Clearly, the French cybersecurity ecosystem is at a crossroads, underscoring the need to adopt forward-looking strategies that not onlythis underscores the need to adopt forward-looking strategies that integrate not only cybersecurity solutions such as firewalls and anti-malware software, but also an overall cyber-resilience mindset.

The French cybersecurity sector is a dynamic field, distinguished by the presence of both world-renowned giants and innovative start-ups, each bringing unique solutions and expertise to the industry. Here's a brief look at some of the notable entities shaping the French cybersecurity market.

Global powers and French leaders :

  • Herjavec Group - A global leader in cybersecurity services, Herjavec Group offers comprehensive protection to help organizations effectively secure their assets. Founded by Robert Herjavec, the group offers services ranging from consulting and implementation to managed services and threat management.
  • IBM - IBM is not only an IT pioneer, it has also firmly established itself in the field of cybersecurity. Drawing on its global presence and deep technological expertise, IBM offers a wide range of cybersecurity tools and services, including data security, artificial intelligence for threat detection and incident response solutions.
  • Cyberark - Recognized worldwide, Cyberark focuses on managing privileged access, a crucial area of cybersecurity. Its solutions are designed to protect organizations against threats that target powerful administrative privileges and credentials.
  • Orange - Orange Cyberdefense is the cybersecurity arm of Orange, providing enterprises with comprehensive security capabilities ranging from risk assessment to crisis management.
  • Airbus Cybersecurity - Airbus is not only a leader in aeronautics, but also in providing a robust defense against cyber threats. Airbus Cybersecurity goes beyond military applications to secure commercial enterprises and critical infrastructures.
  • Atos - Atos is renowned for its expertise in digital services, including cybersecurity. The company offers a wide range of security solutions to protect and monitor the IT systems of companies worldwide.
  • Thales - The Thales Group, a conglomerate with significant contributions in a variety of sectors, including aerospace and defense, extends its prowess to cybersecurity with solutions that encompass data protection, identity verification and threat intelligence.
  • Shift Technology - This Paris-based start-up uses AI for fraud detection, helping insurance companies and other financial institutions identify dubious claims and guard against fraudulent activity.
  • CS Group - Formerly CS Communication & Systèmes, this company specializes in mission-critical systems and cybersecurity, providing tailored solutions to the public and private sectors.

French start-ups :

  • Arkeva - In the spotlight, Arkeva offers advanced cybersecurity solutions that secure data and manage vulnerabilities using cutting-edge technologies. Amossys - As a start-up committed to cybersecurity
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  • Number of pages : 30 pages
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  • Last update : 13/07/2022
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Summary and extracts

1 Market summary

1.1 Presentation

Nicolas Arpagian, author of the book Cybersecurity, defines the concept of cybersecurity as follows: "Cybersecurity includes both the protection and attack of computer equipment (the war for or against information), in order to monitor or take control of it, and of the information available on the Internet (the war through information), with the possible attacks on reputation, security and the environment.information available on the Internet (information warfare), with possible reputational damage, theft of sensitive data, digital hacking and other defamation campaigns."

In other words, cybersecurity concerns the defensive and offensive use of the information systems that power our modern organizations. It takes into account both the technical means used for data exchange and the content ( information that circulates, information that is stored, etc.)

Cybersecurity is one of the most important"SMACS", encompassing social networks, data analysis, cloud computing and cybersecurity. Cybersecurity breaches are numerous, and include phishing, ransomware, spyware infection, information destruction or alteransomware, spyware infection, destruction or alteration of information, information hacking, data theft, blocking or slowing down a site, hacking into personal data, or even the failure of electricity and air conditioning in a computer room.

New destructive practices are developing in cyberspace, including criminal use of the Internet (cybercrime), including for terrorist purposes; large-scale propagation of false information and manipulation; espionage for political or economic purposes; and attacks on critical infrastructures (transport, energy, communications, etc.) for sabotage purposes.) for sabotage purposes.

Attacks can originate from state or non-state groups, and often have the following characteristics:

  • They know no borders or distances;
  • Are difficult to trace, making it very difficult to formally identify the real culprits, who often act under cover of relays (botnets) or unwitting proxies;
  • Can be carried out with relative ease, at little cost or risk to the attacker. They aim to jeopardize the proper functioning of information and communication systems (ICS) used by citizens, businesses and administrations, and even the physical integrity of infrastructures, which is crucial to national security.

1.2 The global cybersecurity market: a booming sector

Covid-** has revolutionized the way societies and economies operate around the world, notably by accelerating digitization. This changeover has been accompanied by a considerable increase in cyberattacks, to the point where losses due to cybercrime are estimated at US$*,*** billion by ****. [***]

evolution of cybersecurity spending since the arrival of Covid-** World, ...

1.3 The French market: a dynamic, fast-growing sector

With average annual growth of *.*% in France from **** to ****, while GDP shrank by -*.*%, cybersecurity in the broadest sense has been France's most dynamic industry sector for a decade. In ****, the sector's sales will reach €**.* billion. The Digital Confidence sector grew by *.*% in ****, while French GDP fell by -*.*%, achieving the ...

1.4 France's spending on cybersecurity

In ****, France ranked right at the top of the podium of European countries spending the most on cyber defense: its total investment in the sector reached US$*.* billion, i.e. *** million more than Spain and *** million more than Germany.

Cybersecurity expenditure by country Europe, ****, US$ billions Source: ****

France is one of ...

1.5 Changes accelerated by the Covid-19 crisis

The coronavirus crisis has led to massive use of telecommuting. This represents a major upheaval for companies, which are now focusing their cybersecurity efforts on securing the flows generated by remote working. Isolated employees are easier prey for cyber-attacks. The pandemic has thus led to a cyberpandemic, and data breaches have ...

2 Demand analysis

2.1 French demand rises in tandem with greater number of attacks

In its " Panorama de la menace informatique", ANSSI records a +**% increase in intrusions between **** and ****, with the number of attacks rising from *** to ****. This would represent total financial gains of over one billion euros for the cyber-criminal sphere. This explosion in computer attacks is fuelled by a snowball effect, as the ...

2.2 France still unprepared for cyberattacks

Is your company prepared for a cyber attack? France, ****, % Source: ****

According to Adacis (***), in ****, only **.*% of employees thought their company was really protected against a potential cyber attack. This result can be explained by increased spending on preventive measures. Consequently, it is plausible to assume that cybersecurity advice and expertise will ...

2.3 Cyber-resistance will increase demand

With the increasing digitization of the global economy, demand for cybersecurity is rising steadily, particularly from specialist service providers. Cyber resilience means being better prepared against cyber-attacks by adopting an upstream strategy. According to Les Echos , it's no longer a question of surviving an attack, but of bouncing back and anticipating ...

2.4 Demand trends - FIC 2020 highlights

From January ** to **, the annual FIC (***) forum was held in Lille, France. Below you'll find the main conclusions of the forum, as well as the trends identified. [***]

The development of large-scale cybercrime is wreaking havoc on the trust of digital platforms, affecting both businesses and the general public Courriel remains a ...

2.5 Profile analysis: French consumer

French consumers are concerned about cyber attacks: in a report by Norton, it was revealed that **% of those surveyed in France are more worried than ever. [***] The same report concludes that **% of French people are concerned about the risks to their privacy. Finally, the French are also the least likely in ...

2.6 Worldwide security spending by segment

Source: ****

As can be seen, security services remain the highest priority in terms of spending. This is followed by infrastructure protection, then identity access management. Although this graph depicts worldwide demand, the figures are probably similar in France, due to the homogeneity of the Internet and the services it provides.

3 Market structure

3.1 The main players

France's cybersecurity sector contains many national champions, including the world leader in digital security since the takeover of Gemalto in ****, Thales. Of the ** largest structures in the sector in France, only one is foreign-owned, the American IBM. Thales, Idemia and IN Groupe are world leaders in the digital identity, identification and ...

3.2 The French market: mature and regulated

The French market is mature, highly regulated and strongly supported by the French government through regulations such as ANSSI. [***] What's more, the market is relatively large. In ****, there were *,*** companies in the industry in France, including:

- ** large companies;- ** ETI (***);- *,*** micro-enterprises, with total sales under €* million in ****.

Sales by ...

3.3 Market distribution

Source: ****

Cyber security comes in two forms: products/software and services. The former encompasses products actually sold, while services aim to increase customer knowledge through education.

3.4 FIC Start-up Award winners: a glimpse of French innovation leaders

Every year, the FIC (***) rewards cybersecurity start-ups for their innovations and contributions to the field. Below you'll find an overview of previous winners, their motivation and their contribution.

Source: ****

4 Offer analysis

4.1 Cybersecurity solutions for businesses

Cybersecurity solutions for businesses are numerous and diverse. According to the Alliance for Digital Confidence, in France in **** there were over *** players providing such services in the sector. The breakdown across the three main segments of services, software products and hardware is as follows.


The graph above shows that software ...

4.2 For private customers

For private users, anti-malware solutions (***) are the main protection used. For example, Bitdefender, Kaspersky, Trend Micro and even free anti-virus software such as Avast, Avira and AVG are commonly used. These suites may include a firewall, a VPN to encrypt the Internet connection, or even a secure password manager .

For individuals, ...

4.3 Segmentation of companies by offering

Source: ****

5 Rules and regulations

5.1 Current regulations

France is concerned by regulations at three levels: international, European and local.

Firstly, the first legislation with an international dimension is the Budapest Convention of November **, **** on Cybercrime signed by the ** member states of the Council of Europe, ratified by France and the United States in ****.

Secondly, at European level, two ...

5.2 National cybersecurity strategy

On February **, ****, the President of the French Republic declared as a priority the implementation of a National Strategy for Cybersecurity, by ****: Multiply the industry's sales by *.*, for a total of €** billion; Double the number of jobs, for a total of **,***; Create * unicorns. This strategy is part of the stimulus package (***) and ...

List of charts

  • Evolution of cybersecurity spending since the arrival of Covid-19
  • Cybersecurity industry revenue forecast
  • Average annual cybercrime costs by sector
  • Percentage of companies outsourcing their cybersecurity strategy, by activity
  • Digital Trust sales trend
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Latest news

Cybersecurity has its first $100 billion company on the stock market - 19/01/2024
  • Palo Alto Networks is valued at over $100 billion
  • Competitor valuation: Crowdstrike ($66 billion), Fortinet ($46 billion), Check Point ($18 billion).
  • In 2023, Palo Alto Networks generated nearly $7 billion in revenues, of which $3.2 billion came from billing for its services.
  • Revenue forecast for 2024: $10 billion.
  • Founded in 2005, Palo Alto Networks employs 15,000 people and has over 85,000 customers in 150 countries.
  • Global spending on security and risk management is expected to grow by more than 14% in 2024 to $215 billion.
  • Since 2018, Palo Alto has spent over $4.5 billion on acquisitions.
  • In the last 5 years, Palo Alto has acquired 19 companies. Palo Alto Networks has a 3.5% market share in cybersecurity (presents itself as the market leader).
  • Palo Alto is considered one of Orange Cyberdefense's main partners.
Artificial intelligence: Systran returns to France - 11/01/2024
  • Systran was under Korean control for ten years.
  • The French group ChapsVision took over Systran, which is a service provider for the French Ministry of the Armed Forces, various foreign governments and several US intelligence agencies.
  • ChapsVision won the Systran takeover against Britain's XTM and Hungary's memoQ.
  • Systran was taken over by France's WTC in 1985, but was sold in 2014 to Korea's CSLI for 37 million euros.
  • In 2020, translation software expert Systran was taken over by Korean investment companies STIC, KIP and a Korean branch of SoftBank.
  • Systran's sales increased from 16 to 20 million euros between 2021 and 2022.
  • 40% of Systran's sales come from governments, including France, US intelligence agencies and countries such as the United Arab Emirates and Singapore.
  • Systran generates 70% of its revenues internationally.
  • Systran is actively used by the private sector, including banks.
  • ChapsVision has made its eighteenth acquisition in four years with Systran.
  • ChapsVision is making progress on the OTDH project for DGSI data processing.
  • ChapsVision has been selected by the DGSI after two phases of examination.
Nano Corp strengthens corporate network monitoring - 10/01/2024
  • Nano Corp was founded in 2019. Specialist in probes for software analysis of computer networks
  • Nano Corp's biggest customer is US ISP F5.
  • Nano Corp raised €1.6 million in 2021 from French fund Elaia.
  • In mid-October 2023, Nano Corp announced a new €4.2 million fundraising round led by German investment fund G+D Ventures. Nano Corp faces competition from world leader Vectra AI (USA) and Darktrace (UK).
  • Nano Corp employs around twenty people.
  • Nano Corp's founders are former military personnel who worked in the Ministry of Defense's cybersecurity units, and a data scientist.
Cybersecurity: Thales adds a new string to its bow in record time - 06/12/2023
  • Thales has finalized the acquisition of US-based Imperva, valued at 3.6 billion euros, making the group "one of the world's five leaders" in cybersecurity.
  • Second largest acquisition in Thales history after the takeover of smart card specialist Gemalto (€4.8 billion in 2019).
  • With Imperva, Thales claims to have 5,800 experts in 86 countries in cybersecurity, with sales of 2.4 billion euros in 2024 compared with 1.6 billion in 2022.
  • The Group also announces that its Identity and Digital Security branch, which includes civil cybersecurity, biometrics, bankcard and ID document activities, will account for 10% of Group sales in 2024
  • Based in San Mateo, California, Imperva generated "over $500 million in sales" annually and employs more than 1,400 people
  • Thales has made a number of acquisitions in the cybersecurity sector, including Australia's Tesserent, Spain's S21sec, Luxembourg's Excellium and the Netherlands' OneWelcome.
  • With Imperva, Thales becomes a global player in both segments: data security and application security

Secure IC signs historic contract with MediaTek - 17/11/2023
  • Secure IC aims to become a leader in cybersecurity for connected objects.
  • Secure IC achieved sales of 20 million euros.
  • Secure IC is based in Cesson-Sévigné, near Rennes (Ille-et-Vilaine).
  • Secure IC employs over a hundred people, and plans to open around fifty new positions.
  • The company is aiming for sales of 50 million euros by 2025.
  • The company has signed a contract with semiconductor manufacturer MediaTek.
  • MediaTek's new chip, Dimensity 9.300, will feature Secure IC's "Securyzr" solution.
  • Several million MediaTek chips will be equipped with Secure IC's technology.
  • The company recently completed a €20 million round of financing with Alliance Entreprendre, GO Capital and BNP Paribas Développement.
  • The company has acquired its only European competitor, the Belgian Silex Insight.
Risk & Co cyber acquired by Chapvision - 21/10/2023
  • ChapsVision, like Orange, aims to become a major player in cybersecurity services and software, similar to the American company Palantir.
  • ChapsVision has made 17 acquisitions since its creation in 2019.
  • ChapsVision aims to achieve sales of €180 million by the end of the year.
  • Since January, ChapsVision has completed four acquisitions, including Owlint, Acic, Geotrend and Qwam.
  • To win the Risk & Co acquisition, ChapsVision teamed up with the Ingérop group and offered around €2 million for the Risk & Co business unit, which generates around €15 million in sales.
  • ChapsVision has taken over just under sixty Risk & Co employees

Companies quoted in this study

This study contains a complete overview of the companies in the market, with the latest figures and news for each company. :

Herjavec Group
Airbus Cybersecurity
Git Guardian
Elba Security
Atos Eviden

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