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1.1 Definition and scope of study

The truffle is the name given to what is created by a ectomycorrhizal ascomycete fungus with a globular form as defined in AgriTruffe . A single fungus can give birth to several truffles. Truffle harvests are largely dependent on weather conditions such as drought. There are hundreds of types of truffles in the world, the main ones being:

  • The black truffle (tuber melanosporum)
  • The white truffle (tuber magnatum), mainly present in Italy
  • Summer truffle (tuber aestivum)

Long monopolized by Europe, the global market is now witnessing the entry of new players, such as the United States, Australia or China. Within the European giant itself, the balance of power has changed in recent years, and spain is now the world's leading producer .

Nevertheless, spanish domestic demand remains weak making Spain one of the most important countries in the world export producer for the most part



1.2 Key figures of the global market

It is difficult to obtain a precise figure on the world truffle market because many transactions are still made at local fairs in the main producing regions.
It can be estimated that in ****, the global truffle market is worth about $*** million . The truffle market has very promising growth forecasts for the ...

1.3 Key figures of the national market

Truffle cultivation in Spain is very recent, but the country has quickly conquered the place of * er world producer of truffles . For the past three years, the black truffle harvest in Spain has exceeded the French harvest In ****, Spain, for example, produced ** tonnes compared to ** for France and ** to ** tonnes for ...

1.4 Foreign trade

As mentioned above, Spanish exports of truffles and derivatives reached ** million euros in **** [***]
The the main recipient country of Spanish truffles is France which absorbs about **% of Spanish production in **** [***]. Italy, in second place, imports **% of Spanish production. More recently, the United States imported **% of Spanish production in ****, which is **% more ...


2.1 Domestic demand still weak

The demand for truffles in Spain is still quite limited, because this ingredient is currently not very much part of the country's culinary traditions and has not been as much integrated into the gastronomic culture as in neighbouring countries such as France or Italy.

Source: ****
The previous graph helps us to ...

2.2 Domestic demand determinants

According to data from the National Institute of Statistics [ INE ..., households' disposable income amounted to €***.* billion at * January **** er ***.* billion at * January ****, and reached er quarter ****, representing an **% growth over the period.
At the same time, the savings rate fell from **% in **** to *.**% in ****. In summary, spanish households have more and ...

2.3 The cyclicality of demand

Source: ****
If we are now only interested in searching for the word "trufa" in Spain, we can see that seasonality, if it is less strong than that observed in France, is still important Over the past five years, there has been a strong seasonality in this research with a peak observed ...


3.1 Truffle production in Spain

Truffle cultivation
Truffles can be found naturally in forests, but they have also been cultivated since the **th century th century. The development of truffle cultivation in Spain took place during the **th century th century, much later than in France or Italy. They must be planted near the roots of ...

3.2 Distribution

The majority of Spanish production is then directly exported (***) to be distributed from abroad, as there are very few truffle processing and distribution companies in Spain. [***]
Manjares de la Tierra is one of the main distribution companies in the sector in Spain based in Teruel [***]. The company markets both fresh truffles ...


4.1 Product features

Types of truffles
There are now more than a hundred types of truffles in the world, but only a handful of them are edible . There are two main types of truffles in Spain
Tuber melanosporum (***), harvested between November and March Tuber aestivum (***), harvested between May and August
The truffle campaign in ...

4.2 Truffle courses

Historical data on Spanish truffle prices in France show the high volatility of its price. Indeed, at the beginning of the period studied, the price per kilogram was between ***€ and ***€ and he had a peak at ***€ in **** . A few days before the end of the **** winter season (***), prices are between ***€ and ...

4.3 Towards a more sustainable offer

Like many products and sectors, environmental and sustainability considerations also concern truffle production. Indeed, they are grown in forest areas, and a overexploitation of truffles could thus damage the ecosystem of the area concerned .
Thus, in ****, Aragotruf (***) becomes the first company in Spain to obtain the international PEFC certificate on its ...


5.1 European regulations

The UNECE Standard FFV-** of **** delimits a first regulatory framework for the marketing and quality control of truffles . For the time being, this regulation only applies to truffles intended to be delivered fresh to the consumer, and excludes those intended for industrial processing
To be marketed, a truffle must be firm, ...

5.2 National and community regulations

According to article ***.** of the Spanish Constitution, the State lays the foundations for legislation on forest exploitation Two laws specifically concern the production of truffles the "the Ley de Montes "(***) and the Decreto ****/**
Each Autonomous Community may also legislate at regional level on these issues under Article ***.* of the Statutes of ...


6. Company segmentation

  • Urbani Tartufi
  • Aragotruf
  • Manjares de la Tierra
  • Arotz

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chargé d'études économiques, Xerfi

Hugo Schott

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Mathieu Luinaud

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PhD Industrial transformations

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Pierre Doussau

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