the data center market
1.1 Definition and presentation
The concept of a data center as a repository of a quantity of information has its roots in the first half of the 20th century, when the first computer specifically designed to store data was built. In almost 80 years, data centers have undergone considerable transformations to enrich their functionality. Today, therefore, the term data center refers to a large network of servers and interconnected computer components, usually used by organizations for remote storage, processing and distribution of data. Data center components typically include mainframes, servers, storage bays, network and telecom equipment, etc.
The construction of a facility as such requires a high initial investment. In addition, the security of the infrastructure, both in terms of energy and against cyber-attacks, is essential to ensure its proper functioning. In Italy these are some of the difficulties that have led the market structure to have a fragmented image, characterized by a very high number of data centers, expensive both for the economy of the country and for the companies that use them. Nevertheless, the data center market is undoubtedly in strong expansion and should show sustained growth in the coming years, thanks also to:
- The growing popularity of community cloud technology;
- The exchange of data linked to the use of an increasingly efficient Internet network;
- The need for some companies to outsource the storage of a significant amount of data at their disposal to reduce costs or for security reasons.
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