1.1. Presentation and definition of the express transport market
Express transport refers to door-to-door delivery of goods within the country or abroad, in a shorter period of time than conventional transport, by land, sea, air or rail.
There are three categories of messaging based on delivery time [SDES]:
- The traditional courier, which undertakes to deliver parcels between 24 and 72 hours;
- The express courier: the package is collected before 18:00 for delivery in D+1 before 18:00;
- Express transport requires shorter delivery times: delivery is generally made before 12:00 with collection the night before. It guarantees the respect of the deadlines, the monitoring in real time of the shipment routing and the complete management of the administrative and customs formalities.
However, the difference between express courier and express transport remains small, so that express services can sometimes be integrated into express transport. The global mail market is growing and is expected to continue to develop in the coming years. The express segment is also growing, driven by the dynamic flows of B2B and the growth of e-commerce. The French freight and courier market is following this trend from growth driven in particular by the express freight for light parcels. The sector is also developing through the various innovations on experience and delivery service (fast shipping, reliable and accurate tracking).
1.2. The global express freight market benefits from a stimulating economic environment
Quantifying the global express transport market is extremely difficult because data are scarce. Nevertheless, it is possible to identify the main trends in the sector
The size of the growing global mail, express and parcel market was *** billion dollars in **** and is expected to reach $*** billion by **** [***]. This corresponds to a ...
1. 3. express freight, a thriving market in France
The parcel market is really dynamic in France *** million items were shipped in **** to France for *.* billion euros in revenue [***].
In the parcel market, the figures for the express freight sector are particularly favourable: according to the Insee In the United States, the turnover of courier and express freight services reached ...
1.4. A specificity of the market: e-commerce, a lever for growth in the sector
E-commerce refers to all commercial transactions that take place via digital interfaces, mainly on the Internet from computers, tablets, smartphones, etc
According to the figures of the FEVAD (***). The number of e-commerce sites has been growing steadily since ****, reaching around ***,*** active merchant sites in France ****
According to the same ...
2.1. French consumption habits in favour of express freight
The consumption habits of the French population are favourable to express freight: the French are asking for more to be delivered to their homes, quickly, with the possibility of monitoring their delivery in real time.
Home delivery is a popular choice in France
Home delivery appeals to consumers: the graph below ...
2.2. The increase in domestic consumption in France is generating growth in express freight
The increase in domestic consumption in France is benefiting express freight companies, particularly through the rise in e-commerce flows.
A study conducted by Deloitte in August **** revealed that the average salary of the French increased in **** faster than inflation, which leads to an increase in their purchasing power .
For example, salaries ...
3.1. A highly concentrated French express freight market
The number of courier and express freight companies in France is in steady decline according to the data SDES (***)
In addition, the top ten companies account for **.*% of total revenue in the courier and express freight sector in ****, according to Xerfi
This phenomenon of concentration is more pronounced in the express ...
3.2. Production: the different phases of sending a package
In the final phase of parcel delivery, what is known as "the" appears last mile ", a term used in home delivery processes This last kilometre covered by the package is both the most difficult to manage and the most expensive These difficulties are accentuated by the rise of e-commerce
To overcome ...
3.3. International parcel distribution remains marginal
Export is still underdeveloped and mainly concerns the shipment of light packages. The domestic shipments represent **.*% of the total express parcel shipments according to a Xerfi study (***): the share of international traffic therefore remains relatively marginal and mainly concerns the export of light packages by air or land
E-commerce figures also ...
4.1. Road freight accounts for the vast majority of express deliveries
There are different types of express freight, depending on the delivery method used
trucker railway marine airborne
Most traditional freight transport is carried out by road, as shown in the graph above
Similarly, the vast majority of express deliveries are made by road. In fact, the The activity of road ...
4.2. A downward trend in prices over the period 2012-2016 followed by an increase since 2016
The following statistic presents the evolution of the courier and express freight price index in France from the first quarter of **** to the first quarter of ****. The latter decreased by about seven points during this period .
This trend decline in courier and express freight prices over the period can be ...
4.3. Price of transport services
Websites such as tariff-colis.com allow consumers to easily compare the prices of services and encourage competition. The procedure consists simply in informing the country of departure and the country of arrival, the weight and dimensions of the package: a list of carriers detailing the service and the price is then ...
4.4. Innovation at the heart of the express freight sector: a few French start-ups are asserting themselves
Faced with major global players achieving significant economies of scale, some french start-ups are trying to assert themselves by being more innovative, flexible and digital .
Trusk , for example, wants to revolutionize delivery. The company's business model is based on the express transport of large objects with an hourly delivery made by ...
5. Regulatory constraints that could benefit some express carriers
Several regulations could shake up the distribution resources of companies in the sector
For example, days without cars and the banning of petrol engines in Paris by **** could lead carriers to adapt their means of transport
On another level, the possible ban on combustion engines in Germany by **** would shake up ...
- DB Schenker
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