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1.1 Definition and scope of the study

Demolition works are operations whose final objective is the deconstruction of a building or structure in order to recover a piece of land and be able to build a new structure on it. This large-scale work requires numerous authorisations and must comply with certain strict obligations, particularly in terms of safety.

These works, which are carried out by construction and/or public works companies, are carried out in several stages :

  • Obtaining a demolition permit;
  • The hiring of a specialised company;
  • Securing the site (e.g. fencing around it to cut off public access);
  • Removal of asbestos, plumbing and cleaning of the building before demolition;
  • Beginning of the works.
  • Clean up

The global demolition market is growing amid rapid urbanisation and the need to optimize spacing in large citites. In particular, demolition robots and the recycling of debris is expanding, which speaks for an increase of demolition works across the world.

In France, the market for demolition (NAF 43.11Z) has been growing in the last five years. However, due to COVID-19, 2020's market size is expected to decrease significantly. In turn, overall growth in between 2012 and 2020 is 1.2%. The market in France has been driven by urbanisation and an increase in the number of new buildings being built. However, the demolition market remains small when put in context of the overall construction market.

1.2 The global market is growing

The global market for demolition is composed of several different sub-markets which together make up the market. Below we list a few which are integral to the overall demolition market. 

The construction & demolition waste recycling market size World, ****-****, in $US billion Source: ****

First, recycling of debris is growing which implies ...

1.3 Domestic market

Market size for demolition works (***) France, ****-*****, in € million Source: ****

The market size for the demolition industry has expanded continously since ****, with an expected drop in revenue in **** amid COVID-** (***). In turn, the overall market size is expected to decrease with around *.*% between **** and ****. 

1.4 COVID-19's impact on the demolition market

COVID-**'s impact on the demolition market size (***) France, **** & ****, in index value Source: ****

The graph above compares the revenue index for NAF **.**Z, i.e. the demolition market, in France between **** and **** to investigate on COVID **'s impact on the industry.

From this we can see that the pandemic led to ...


2.1 Demand drivers in focus

The demolition market is dependant on several key demand triggers, which in turn depend on underlying events in the construction industry. Below we list and analyse the most important ones.

New constructions

This metric is important since a larger number of new constructions most likely correlates to more demolishments. This follows ...

2.2 Demolition permits

Number of property demolishment permits France, ****-****, in number of permits Source: ****

The number of demolition permits in France are volatile, meaning the number issued per year varies strongly. 

For instance, in **** **,*** issues were issued; in **** the figure had increased to a whopping **,***, whereby it decreased again to *,*** in ****. 

2.3 Demolition of churches

Number of churches destroyed per year France, ****-****, in number of churches Source: ****

Another part of the market, albeit small, is the destruction of mounuments, artefacts, and churches. 

The demolition of churches, depicted above, has been increasing in the latest year, reaching peaks in **** and **** with * demolitions. 

**** saw the destruction ...


3.1 Market analysis

Employees and companies in the demolition work sector (***) France, ****-****, in units Source: ****

The market for demolition works in France is fragmented; there were *** companies in the sector in ****, with some *,*** employees. 

Since ****, competition has intensified dramatically, with an increase in the number of companies of some **%. Meanwhile, the number of ...

3.2 Financials

*this applies for NAF code **.* overall, which includes three categories where demolition is one of them. In other words, the code expands larger than that of demolition only, which should be considered when studying the figures.

Source: ****

3.3 Demolition companies' share in the construction industry

Distribution of number of companies in the construction industry, by type France, ****, in % Source: ****

Demolition companies make up a small share of the overall construction sector in France. Indeed, in **** a mere *% of all firms registered in the construction business pertained to demolition.

This reflects a certain structure in demand; since ...

3.4 Geographical distribution of demolitions

Number of permits to demolish dwellings and premises France, ****, in % Source: ****

In ****, the region in France with the highest number of demolitions was Grand Est which accounted for **.**%.

In second place we find Nouvelle-Aquitaine (***). 

In general, it is not possible to say that any region stands out more than any other ...


4.1 Service overview

The actual process of demolishing a building follows a somewhat strict framework which includes preparations, execution, and the aftermath. 

First, the executer needs a demolition plan which looks at processes involved in the actual event. This can include the following measures [***]:

the location of the building to be demolished distance between ...

4.2 Price and cost analysis

Source: ****

The price of demolition for a house is therefore on average between €** and €*** excluding VAT for a demolished cubic metre, whatever the surface area. This average cost will be increased if additional technical constraints have to be taken into account. Thus, for example, between €*** and €*** must be added to the ...

4.3 Residuals created by the industry

In France, approximately ** million tonnes of construction waste are produced each year in France. From this, more than **% of the waste comes from the deconstruction and rehabilitation of buildings. Three-quarters is inert waste such as rubble, concrete, tiles or bricks, and about a quarter is so-called "non-hazardous" waste such as wood, ...


5.1 Regulation

Who can demolish buildings?

To work with demolitions, the person who executes the projects must be a professional holding a certificate of professional competence (***) and introduces partial access to an activity. Thus, since * June ****, it is necessary to have a CAP, or BEP, or an equivalent diploma, or to provide proof ...


6.1 Segmentation

  • Avenir Deconstruction
  • Brunel Demolition (Premys)
  • Cardem (Eurovia)
  • Occamat (EPC Groupe)

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