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  • Last update : 12/04/2020
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1 Synthèse du marché


The supercomputers (or supercomputers) are computer equipment using thousands of processors to process countless data in a matter of seconds. They are used in many areas such as quantum mechanics the forecasts meteorological , l’ oil exploration etc.

The supercomputer market represents more than 10 billion dollars of turnover per year worldwide. The global market is in growth for several years and forecasts are optimistic as significant growth is expected in the coming years. The market has several tens of thousands of supercomputers sold each year. The United States dominate the market and more than half of the 500 most powerful supercomputers are located in the United States.

The sector is highly concentrated with the two most important players accounting for two thirds of the market . With a few exceptions, the main manufacturers are American. The leading European manufacturer, Atos, is French, known for its Bull supercomputer. In 2015, Atos launched the Bull Seqana, aiming to achieve one million billion operations per second by 2020, making France the world leader with the most powerful supercomputer in the world. But until then, France, like Europe, remains far behind its Asian (Fujitsu, Hitachi, Nec in Japan) and American (IBM, Dell, Cray, SGI) competitors. The Seqana bull occupies a distant place in the world ranking of supercomputers, with one million billion operations per second.

Supercomputer manufacturers are IT giants. Companies in the sector are moving more and more towards the top of the range, gradually moving away from the low and mid-range. Each new level of power for data processing and storage is a victory and the race is continuous, which generates significant r costs .

International competition is gradually increasing in the face of American supremacy and is expected to increase at an increasingly rapid pace in the coming years. In terms of electricity consumption to operate and water to cool, supercomputers are still far from meeting environmental challenges . The other challenge for this market is energy-intensive consumption, hence the need for investment in R

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Latest news

Atos: an explosive case - 30/08/2023
  • Atos has entered into exclusive negotiations with EP Equity Investment to sell Tech Foundations, its indebted historical division.
  • The Atos group has 110,000 employees.
  • The proposed plan involves Atos becoming "Eviden" and remaining listed on the Paris Stock Exchange, while the "Atos" name and outsourcing activities will be sold to Kretinsky and delisted.
  • A capital increase of 720 million euros is planned, as well as the acquisition of a 7.5% stake in Eviden by Kretinsky
Atos hopes to turn the page on the crisis thanks to Kretinsky - 02/08/2023
  • Daniel Kretinsky has announced plans to buy Atos' outsourcing business.
  • He has spent just over 200 million euros to become the largest minority shareholder in Atos' Eviden division, with activities in cybersecurity.
  • Atos has divested itself of a business that accounts for more than half of its sales, but is in decline and loss-making.
  • In June 2022, Atos implemented a radical restructuring plan with 7,500 job cuts and a bill of 1.1 billion euros.
  • The outsourcing activities of Atos (taken over by Daniel Kretinsky) were placed in an entity called Tech Foundations.
  • The acquisition by Kretinsky concerns all Atos outsourcing activities, which generated sales of over 6 billion euros in 2022, and has 52,000 employees.
  • The acquisition cost is symbolic, but includes the assumption of all liabilities (nearly 10 billion euros) of the branch.
  • Atos will be renamed Eviden and will remain listed on the stock exchange.
Sale of historical activities to Daniel Kretinsky - 01/08/2023
  • The group finalizes the demerger of its ailing historical outsourcing business (Tech Foundations) from its much more dynamic cybersecurity business (Eviden).
  • The French IT group confirms its plan to sell its historic outsourcing activities to Czech billionaire Daniel Kretinsky, valued at 2 billion euros, and to restructure around the activities of its subsidiary Eviden, which it will rename.
  • Valuation of Atos' historical outsourcing activities: 2 billion euros.
  • Number of IT infrastructure employees (Tech Foundations): 52,000
  • Total group size: 110,000 employees.
  • Eviden's average annual growth target: 7% of sales over the period 2022-2026.
Atos to sell its historical activities to Daniel Kretinsky, valued at 2 billion euros - 01/08/2023
  • Tech Foundations, the entity sold, has sales of 5.4 billion euros.
  • Tech Foundations employs 52,000 people worldwide.
  • following the transaction, Atos intends to rebrand itself as Eviden to develop its cybersecurity activities.
  • A capital increase of 720 million euros is planned for Eviden.
  • The Atos group has lost 4.5 billion euros since January 2021.
Spin-off: Atos stays the course - 28/04/2023
  • Atos planned to split into two divisions by the end of 2023.
  • Sales of Eviden (cyber and Big Data division) up 9.1% to 1.33 billion euros.
  • Sales of Tech Foundations (outsourcing) down 3.4% to 1.47 billion euros.
Atos' way of the cross - 21/07/2017
  • Atos has seen its share price divided by three since the beginning of the year
  • Valued at just over one billion euros
  • Capgemini valued at 30 billion

Companies quoted in this study

This study contains a complete overview of the companies in the market, with the latest figures and news for each company. :

Atos Eviden

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