Content of the study:
The industrial gas market - France

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1.1 Market definition and presentation

Industrial gases are defined asmanufactured gases resulting from the distillation of air .

The scope of industrial gases includes :

  • oxygen
  • nitrogen
  • argon
  • helium
  • carbon dioxide
  • acetylene
  • other gases

Industrial gases are used in a wide variety of sectors: chemicals (oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, CO), food processing (nitrogen and CO2), metallurgy (oxygen, argon) and health (oxygen, nitrous oxide). [Chemistry Info]

The global market is booming due to increasing demand for industrial production and urbanization, as well as rising consumer spending on food and transport. In 2023, it is valued at105.08 billion US dollars, and should continue to grow at aCAGR of 7.42% over the period 2023-2030, reaching 173.43 billion US dollars in 2030. This growth is primarily driven by the Asia-Pacific region, which holds a 36. 6% share of the market [Grand View Research]

Nevertheless, environmental regulations, safety and the particularly high costs of gas conversion continue to be obstacles to faster growth. [Grand View Research]

In France, the market has been slowly declining due to import growth and the country's increasing dependence on foreign gas. However, 2021 and 2022 were years of growth, with salesincreasing by 22% and 34% respectively, reaching 2.71 billion euros in 2022. [Insee] . Soaring energy prices and the consequences of the pandemic should continue to drive growth in the French industrial gases market in the years ahead.

In France, as elsewhere in the world, the industrial gases market is dominated by a small number of players, and its structure is that of an oligopoly. The main players in France areAir Liquide, Linde and Air Products.

Finally, hydrogen is a gas whose development needs to be monitored, and in which the government and the EU are investing heavily.

1.2 The global market is expanding

The global industrial gas market is growing rapidly. In ****, it is valued at ***.** billion US dollars, and should continue to grow at a CAGR of *.**% over the period ****-****, reaching ***.** billion US dollars in ****. Global industrial gas market size World, ****-****, US$ billion Source: ****

Several factors are responsible for this sustained ...

1.3 A growing domestic market after 10 years of decline

The French industrial gas manufacturing business is listed by INSEE under the NAF **.**Znomenclature code: "Manufacture of industrial gases". INSEE gives this market size for ****: it amounted to *.** billion euros. This figure can be used to estimate the size of the medical imaging market in France in ****, by multiplying it by ...

1.4 International trade

In this section, we use UN Comtrade data to analyze the industrial gas trade. In particular, we use the code HS**** - Hydrogen, rare gases and other non-metals. This category is slightly larger than industrial gas, but the trends in terms of trading partners are applicable to the smaller industrial gas ...


2.1 Which industries use which gas?

Source: ****

broad category

Indeed, the industrial gas market is a B*B market, and it mainly caters for four markets: large-scale industry (***) and electronics. Production in these markets therefore has a direct influence on the health of the industrial gas market in France.

Several markets are driving demand at a higher ...

2.2 Hydrogen: a booming market

Demand for hydrogen is growing worldwide and in France. Legislation concerning greenhouse gases is becoming stricter, and the refining industry is using hydrogen to reduce the sulfur content of fuels and lighten heavy hydrocarbons. [***] In terms of use, Hydrogen Europe states that hydrogen is the main manufacturing component used to produceammonia ...

2.3 Market breakdown by gas


The global nitrogen market is valued at $**.* billion in **** and is expected to grow at a CAGR of *% over the period ****-****, reaching $** billion. This growth is fuelled by increasing industrial production in sectors such as metal fabrication [***]

France is particularly strong in the nitrogen fertilization segment of the global ...


3.1 A highly concentrated market

In France, there are four major players , together accounting for **% of the market in ****. Among them, Air Liquide industrie France stands out, with a market share of **.*% in ****.

To calculate market share, we take the revenue of each player in industrial gas manufacturing in France (***), since the data available on the ...

3.2 The share of domestic production is shrinking

As explained in the AFGC, industrial gases can be produced by various processes, depending on the type of gas and the type of gas distribution to the customer . In general, air gases such as oxygen, nitrogen, argon, helium, krypton, xenon and neon are mainly produced by fractional distillation of air cooled ...

3.3 The two main distribution channels

Because of thecomplexity of transport arrangements and the high cost of transport, the main manufacturers of industrial gases are also the main distributors. Air Liquide explains that transport costs limit the operating zone to a radius of *** to *** km around the production unit, with the exception of high value-added gases such ...


4.1 Product overview: the different types of industrial gas

According to EIGA, thefollowing more detailed classification of the scope of gases can be made: air gases - oxygen (***) ; rare gases - such as helium (***); hydrogen (***); chlorine (***); acetylene (***). In addition,according to Messer , industrial gases are divided into three categories: Industrial gases: used for welding, pressurization, combustion, degassing, protective atmospheres and ...

4.2 Production costs for industrial gases

In this section, we provide an overview and breakdown of the factors that determine the cost of industrial gas production.

Although air is free, industrial gas production entails a number of costs. Indeed, theindustry is extremely capital-intensive, which also explains why there are few players and the market is concentrated (***). For ...

4.3 Producer price index

The graph below illustrates the evolution of industrial gas production prices in France between **** and ****. The base value of the price index is **** (***). Following this logic, we see that prices fell by **.*% between **** and ****, then rose sharply between **** and ****, so that production prices in **** are almost double those in ****. Price index, ...


5.1 General regulations

The manufacture of industrial gases involves numerous health risks and is therefore closely regulated, from production to transport and storage. Regulations governing the production of industrial gases include the following: [***] Gas storageregulations; Acetylene storage regulations; Oxygen storage regulations; Regulations for the storage of hydrogen; Essential rules for the storage of gas ...

5.2 New regulations

Following the fire at Lubrizol and Normandie Logistique in September **** in Rouen, new regulations have been put in place to reinforce the safety of high-risk industrial sites. These changes came into force in January ****[***] :

For warehouses of combustible materials, flammable liquids, waste transit sorting facilities and Seveso facilities: obligationto keep an ...


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Reviews (2)

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The heat pump market - France

Publicado en 14/11/2022 by BS Conseil - BS Conseil

Très explicite.

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The heat pump market - France

Publicado en 26/09/2022 by Matthieu Boussard - Stryber

Etude parfaite pour une vue d'ensemble du marché avec un très bon rapport qualité-prix.

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