1.1 Market definition and presentation
Industrial gases are defined as manufactured gases, resulting from air distillation. The scope of industrial gas includes:
- carbon dioxide
- other gases
What signifies industrial gas are the many areas of usage including the chemical sector (oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, CO), food processing (nitrogen and CO2), metal processing (oxygen, argon) or health (oxygen, nitrous oxide). [Chemistry Info]
The global market is expanding amid higher demand on industrial output and urbanisation, together with higher consumer expenditure on foods and transport. Similar to the French market, the global market is dominated by a few amount of players, and the structure is that of an oligopoly. The main players in France include Air Liquide, Linde and Air Products & Chemicals.
In France, the market has been declining slowly as imports have grown and the nation has become more dependant on foreign gas.
Finally, hydrogen is a gas to watch where the government together with the EU are investing heavily to develop.
1.2 The global market is expanding
Global market size for industrial gas World, ****-****, in US$ billion Source: ****
In ****, the industrial gas market was estimated to be valued at $**.** billion; in **** this value is expected to increase to $***.**, which is equal to a CAGR of *.*% per year.
Several factors will trigger this growth: first, as urbanisation and ...
1.3 A declining domestic market
Revenue for the industrial gas industry France, ****-****, in € million Source: ProdCom The figures above represent the market size for the industrial gas market in France. Calculations have been done with turnover figures from Prodcom and the revenue index from INSEE for the NAF code **.**Z "Manufacturing of industrial gas".
1.4 International Trade
In this section we use data from UN Comtrade to analyse the trade of industrial gas. In particular, we use the code **** - Hydrogen, rare gases, and other non-metals. This category is slightly larger than the industrial gas sector overall, however the trends in terms of trading partners still hold ...
2.1 Which industries use which gas?
Industry gas is an extensive category. Hence, below follows a breakdown of which industries are in need of which gas in order to better understand which specific gas is in demand by who.
Indeed, the industrial gases market is a B*B market, and it is mainly aimed at four ...
2.2 Hydrogen: a booming market
Hydrogen demand is increasing globally and in France. Indeed, legislation in terms of greenhouse gas emissions is becoming more stringent, and increasingly heavy hydrocarbons are being used. The refining industry uses hydrogen to reduce the sulphur content of fuels and lighten heavy hydrocarbons. [***] In terms of usage, Hydrogen Europe states that ...
2.3 Market breakdown per gas
PR Newswire estimates that the global nitrogen market will expand to $**.** billion by **** compared to ****'s $**.** billion, equivalent to a CAGR of *.**%. This growth is fuelled by higher industrial production in industries including metal manufacturing & fabrication, food & beverages, and pharmaceutical & healthcare.
France is particularily strong in the nitrogenous fertilization segment ...
3.1 A highly concentrated market
In France, there are four major players who together account for **%. Amongst them Air Liquide stands out, with a **% market share in ****.
To calculate the market share we take each player's revenue in the fabrication de gaz industriel (***)
Market structure, by revenue France, ****, in € million Source: ****
In particular, the revenue for ...
3.2 Domestic production share is shrinking
As explained in the AFGC the production of industrial gases can be carried out through different processes depending on the type of gas and the type of distribution of the gas to the customer. In general, air gases, such as oxygen, nitrogen, argon, helium, krypton, xenon, neon are mainly produced by ...
3.3 The two main distribution channels
Due to the complexity of transport modalities and the high cost of transport, the main industrial gas manufacturers are also the main distributors. Air Liquide explains that transport costs limit the operating area to a radius of *** to *** km around the production unit, with the exception of high value-added gases such ...
4.1 Product overview: different types of industrial gases
According to EIGA, the following more detailed breakdown of the scope of gases included can be made: air gases - oxygen (***) rare gases - such as helium (***) hydrogen (***) chlorine (***) acetylene (***) Moreover, according to Messer industrial gases are divided into three categories: Industrial gases used for welding, pressurization, combustion, degassing, protective atmospheres, ...
4.2 Production costs of industrial gases
In this section we provide an overview and breakdown of what drives cost in industrial gas production.
Although air is free, there are several costs associated with industrial gas production. Indeed, the industry is extremely capital intensive which also helps explain why there are few player and the market is concentrated ...
4.3 Production price index
Price index, production of industrial gas France, ****-***** (***), in units Source: ****
The graph above depicts the production price evolution of indutrial gases in France between **** and ****. The base value of the price index is in **** (***).
Following this logic, we find that prices have in fact decreased slightly since ****; in **** the index ...
5.1 Current Regulation
The industrial gas manufacturing activity presents many health risks and is therefore closely regulated, from production to transport and storage. Regulation for industrial gas production includes the following elements: [***] The regulations for gas storage The regulations for the storage of acetylene The regulations for oxygen storage The regulations for hydrogen storage ...
The French and global market is dominated by four firms presented below.
- Air Liquide
- Air Products
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"I find this study synthetic and to the point. However, a more detailed section on the development trends in the sector with the emergence of biomass, CSR, etc. would be welcome Finally, I am surprised by the absence of VEOLIA in the actors section