Summary of our market study

The hydrogen stations and hydrants market in France is expanding rapidly thanks to governmental support, including the France Relance and France 2030 plans. By 2025, France is projected to feature 225 hydrogen stations, with a target of 1,000 stations by 2030. This growth aligns with the increasing demand for hydrogen-powered vehicles, as evident from the surge in sales of such vehicles. Hydrogen vehicle sales remain a niche, with the market largely dominated by the Hyundai Nexo and Toyota Mirai.

The French market also shows a strong consumer interest in environmentally-friendly transport options, with electric and hydrogen vehicle registrations climbing by +280% from 2019 to 2021. The future growth of hydrogen-powered vehicle sales—a key driver for hydrogen station demand—is underscored by France Hydrogène's ambition to see 300,000 such vehicles by 2030. Currently, ENGIE stands out as a leading operator with 16 stations in France, and the nation's first hydrogen station was inaugurated in Saint-Lô in 2015.

Hydrogen Stations and Hydrants Market in France: An Insight into Consumer Demand and Future Prospects

The burgeoning market for hydrogen stations and hydrants in France has witnessed significant growth, bolstered by an amalgamation of government support, technological advancements, and increasing consumer awareness regarding environmental concerns. With infusions of government funding evident in the substantial sums allocated under initiatives such as the France Relance plan (approximately €7 billion) and the France 2030 plan (around €2 billion), the market has been given a further push. This assistive environment has laid the foundation for major industrial players like EDF through its Hynamics hydrogen charging stations, and Air Liquide's installation endeavors, alongside Engie's ambition to install around 50 hydrogen stations by 2025.

The French hydrogen station market commands attention not only for its contemporary growth but for its global significance, as highlighted by the inauguration of the world's first offshore platform for hydrogen production off the coast of Saint-Nazaire. A vision for mass hydrogen production, with companies like Lhyfe at the forefront, has placed France at the epicenter of this cutting-edge market. Projected market evaluations paint a picture of exponential growth, with estimations of a leap from around 0.6 billion US dollars in 2022 to roughly 4 billion by 2030.

The automotive sector's shift towards cleaner alternatives is a driving force, with the sale of hydrogen-powered cars rising significantly — an increase of around 91% between 2020 and 2021 alone. Despite the limited choice and relatively niche market position of hydrogen-powered cars, governed mainly by Hyundai Nexo and Toyota Mirai which accounted for 98% of sales, the market is anticipated to diversify and enhance its footprint substantially.

France, in particular, has aggressive expansion plans for its hydrogen refueling infrastructure, anticipating an increase from around 43 stations to potentially 1,000 by 2030. This upsurge demonstrates both ambition and belief in the market's potential. Consumer preferences also appear to be aligning with market trends. A significant share of consumers, almost 35%, deems reducing the negative environmental impact of transportation a government priority, further bolstering the rationale for market expansion. Nevertheless, when benchmarked against electric cars, hydrogen-powered vehicles have considerable ground to cover. The 685 hydrogen filling stations worldwide are eminently overshadowed by the 862,118 charging stations for electric vehicles.

Yet, this gap also signifies a market ripe for growth, given the quicker refueling times of hydrogen cars.

Key Players in the French Hydrogen Stations and Hydrants Market

As France accelerates its move towards clean energy, several companies have emerged as prominent players in the hydrogen stations and hydrants market. These players are not only contributing significantly to the infrastructure required for hydrogen mobility but also shaping the future landscape of energy in France.

  • EDF - Hynamics

A subsidiary of the energy giant EDF, Hynamics specializes in hydrogen for industrial and mobility uses. The company has shown its commitment towards zero-emission mobility by operating hydrogen charging stations across France. It aims to offer a comprehensive hydrogen solution by producing, distributing, and commercializing low-carbon and renewable hydrogen.

  • Air Liquide

With its global presence and extensive history in gases for industry, health, and the environment, Air Liquide is taking significant steps into the hydrogen energy sector. Recognized for installing advanced hydrogen stations, Air Liquide continues to be a key player, promoting clean energy solutions and investing in the future of hydrogen-powered transportation.

  • Engie

Engie, the global energy and services group, has its eye set on being a leader in the energy transition in France and worldwide. With an ambitious goal to install 50 hydrogen stations by 2025, Engie is not only contributing to the expansion of the refueling infrastructure but also investing in the production of renewable hydrogen.

  • Atawey

A specialized manufacturer of hydrogen charging stations, Atawey is a French company which designs and produces energy autonomy and storage solutions particularly suitable for isolated sites. Their commitment to sustainable mobility can be seen in their development and installation of stand-alone hydrogen refueling stations for various mobility applications.

  • McPhy

McPhy is a key technology provider and equipment manufacturer in the hydrogen market. Specializing in production and storage solutions, McPhy offers integrated hydrogen infrastructure which includes electrolyzers and refueling stations. They are an essential part of the value chain and play a role in making hydrogen mobility a widespread reality in France.

  • HRS (Hydrogen Refueling Solutions)

HRS (previously known as Hydrogen Refueling Solutions) is an important French player that designs, manufactures, and installs hydrogen refueling stations. The company aims to enable the widespread adoption of hydrogen as a clean energy source for transportation by providing reliable and efficient refueling infrastructures.

  • Lhyfe

Based in Nantes, Lhyfe is particularly noteworthy for having inaugurated the world's first offshore platform for hydrogen production at sea in Saint-Nazaire. They focus on renewable hydrogen production.

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Summary and extracts

1 Market overview

1.1 Definition and presentation

The hydrogen stations and hydrants market in France refers to the economic activity related to the production, sale and rental of hydrogen stations and hydrants in France. These are hydrogen storage or filling stations, with the most common pressure being 700 bar, and sometimes 350 bar.

In Europe, the market has recently experienced strong growth, thanks in particular to the fact that the sector benefits from government support schemes, which amount to a total of around 25 billion euros. In France, initiatives have multiplied, particularly as the industry has benefited from the €7 billion France Relance plan and the €2 billion France 2030 plan.

EDF operates hydrogen charging stations (Hynamics), Air Liquide has installed new ones, and Engie is aiming to install 50 by 2025. In addition to the major industrial groups, market players also include specialized manufacturers of hydrogen charging stations: Atawey, McPhy and HRS (Hydrogen Refueling Solutions), in particular, are gradually gaining ground.

France is also a major hydrogen player on the world stage: in September 2022, in Saint-Nazaire (Loire-Atlantique), a company inaugurated the world's first offshore platform capable of producing hydrogen at sea. The company, based in Nantes, France, Lhyfe, has set its sights on mass production with this platform, which produces hydrogen from seawater using energy supplied by wind turbines

The challenge for the sector in the near future will be to adapt supply to growing demand , while reducing maintenance costs.

1.2 Global market trends

The size of the hydrogen station market is estimated in **** at *.* billion US dollars, and is expected to reach * billion by ****, with an average annual growth rate of +**% according to GlobeNewswire.

Governments are mobilizing to accelerate the automotive energy transition. Transport as a whole accounts for **% of global greenhouse gas emissions, ...

1.3 The French hydrogen station market

The number of hydrogen filling stations in France is set to rise sharply over the next few years. To date, there are ** hydrogen refueling stations in France, and with the addition of hydrogen stations currently under construction, France should have *** hydrogen stations by ****. By ****, a thousand hydrogen stations are also planned, ...

1.4 Comparison with the electric car

If we compare electric cars and hydrogen-powered cars, the hydrogen-powered car represents a very promising alternative, as it avoids long recharging times. For an electric car, the recharge time is ** to ** minutes. For a hydrogen-powered car, the recharging time is much shorter, taking only * to * minutes to fill up.

However, hydrogen-powered ...

1.5 Current obstacles to the development of hydrogen-powered cars

There are three main obstacles to the development of the hydrogen car market. The first is the limited number of refuelling options available: there are very few hydrogen refuelling stations anywhere in the world, particularly in France. This is not surprising, and stems from the fact that the number of hydrogen-powered ...

2 Demand analysis

2.1 The French and hydrogen

In addition to the initiatives put in place by governments, we also note consumers' desire to acquire a more environmentally-friendly transport vehicle: according to IFOP, **% of those surveyed consider that reducing the negative impact of transport on the environment should be a government priority. Of these, **% consider that this should be ...

2.2 Trends in the French market for clean energy cars

If we first look at the trend in the number of new passenger car registrations by engine type, we can distinguish the downward trend in the number of petrol and diesel cars. Indeed, the number of petrol car registrations has fallen drastically from *,***,*** to ***,*** between **** and ****, almost halving. The same phenomenon ...

2.3 The future growth in sales of hydrogen-powered vehicles will determine demand for hydrogen filling stations

France Hydrogène is targeting ***,*** cars and vans in its "Ambition ****" scenario.

There are currently * hydrogen-powered cars on the market in France: the Hyundai Nexo, launched in ****, and the Toyota Mirai, launched in ****. The range of these two cars is around ***km, for a price of between €**,*** and €**,*** due to their ...

3 Market structure

3.1 The hydrogen value chain

The diagram below shows the hydrogen value chain, with the implementation of hydrogen charging stations at the penultimate stage.

Hydrogen value chain

Source: ****

The first step in this value chain is the creation of hydrogen. Worldwide hydrogen production currently stands at ** million tonnes, supplied to the chemical industry. France produces almost ...

3.2 Hydrogen filling stations in France

There will be ** hydrogen stations in France by ****, and * stations are currently planned for **** in the following three destinations: Toulouse, Paris and Challans. Counting stations already in operation and those planned for ****, these are mainly located in major cities: Paris has *, Lyon has *, and Nantes, Toulouse and Grenoble each have *.

Hydrogen ...

3.3 Type of company

There are * types of company manufacturing hydrogen stations.

The first type are the major energy or gas companies , who open up their offer to hydrogen stations. This is the case, for example, with EDF, which operates hydrogen stations via its subsidiary Hynamics. Similarly, as mentioned above, Engie is offering a number ...

3.4 Number of direct jobs in the French hydrogen industry

The French hydrogen market is growing. In ****, the French hydrogen industry will account for *,*** direct jobs, compared with *,*** in ****, representing a **% increase between the two years. The aim is to exceed ***,*** direct jobs by ****, demonstrating France's determination to convert the population to the use of hydrogen for transport.

Number of direct ...

3.5 Sales trends for hydrogen station manufacturers in France

A good way to assess the potential of hydrogen stations is to observe the development of the market's leading companies: HRS, McPhy, Atawey.

HRS is a pioneer in the hydrogen station sector and has been committed to the energy transition in transport for over ** years. The company has developed a complete ...

4 Offer analysis

4.1 Specific features of full tank consumption

The most common filling pressure is H** or *** bar, and the older standard is H** or *** bar. Higher pressure means more hydrogen can be stored for the same volume.

Consumption is not expressed in liters per ***km, but in kilograms per ***km. Hydrogen-powered cars on the market today generally consume less ...

4.2 Prices and specific features of the hydrogen-powered car offer

France Hydrogène is targeting ***,*** cars and commercial vehicles in its "Ambition ****" scenario, as well as *,*** trucks and buses.

There are currently * hydrogen-powered cars on the market in France: the Hyundai Nexo, launched in ****, and the Toyota Mirai, launched in ****. The range of these two cars is around ***km, at a ...

4.3 Hydrogen station rates and features

According to Les Echos, the cost of a hydrogen station is estimated at between * and ** million euros, which requires a great deal of time and regular consumer use to make the station profitable.

Philippe Rosier, CEO of Symbio, a joint venture between Michelin and Faurecia specializing in the development and marketing ...

5 Regulations

5.1 Subsidies for hydrogen industries

To encourage French citizens to use hydrogen-powered cars, the French government set up a national strategy in September **** to provide aid to the hydrogen industries to enable them to offer solutions at reduced cost. The government's plan aims to support all key stages in the emergence of the hydrogen industry at ...

5.2 Tax incentives for company vehicles

In addition to subsidies for companies, there are also grants to encourage consumers to adopt this more environmentally-friendly alternative. In ****, hydrogen-powered passenger vehicles are eligible for an ecological bonus of €*,*** when the vehicle's value is less than €**,***.

In France, companies whose head offices are located in France and which own company ...

6 Positioning the players

6.1 Segmentation

  • Atawey
  • McPhy
  • Air Liquide
  • Hydrogen Refueling Solutions HRS
  • Engie Solutions
  • Hysetco
  • Hynamics
  • Mahytec (Hensold Group)
  • OPmobility Plastic Omnium Groupe
  • OPmobility Plastic Omnium Groupe
  • Roth2

List of charts presented in this market study

  • Transportation's share of GHG emissions
  • Evolution of the share of electric cars sold in China in 2019 and 2022
  • Worldwide sales of hydrogen-powered cars
  • Hydrogen-powered car sales by country
  • Forecasting hydrogen demand in the transportation sector
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Latest news

Plastic Omnium gives in to the name change craze - 27/03/2024
  • - Plastic Omnium changes its name to OPmobility.
  • - Diversification of sales with investments in hydrogen, lighting and software.
  • - The Burelle family holds 60% of the company's capital.
  • - The group posted sales of 11.4 billion last year.
  • - OPmobility employs 40,000 people in 28 countries.
McPhy signs a major contract in Germany for the supply of electrolysers - 18/12/2023
  • The company has won a contract in Germany valued at 60 million euros.
  • This is the largest contract ever signed by the company.
  • The company expects sales of 20 million euros in 2023, 36 million euros in 2024 and 71 million euros in 2025.
Siemens Energy and Air Liquide inaugurate their gigafactory to get green hydrogen off the ground - 09/11/2023
  • Siemens Energy and Air Liquide's electrolyser Gigafactory in Berlin.
  • It will produce cells with a total capacity of 1GW in the first year, gradually increasing to 3GW.
  • Investment of 30 million euros
  • it will power the hydrogen projects of Siemens Energy and Air Liquide, its only two customers.
  • In Germany, Air Liquide will commission a 20 MW plant in the Ruhr, currently the largest in Europe.
  • Another electrolyzer, ten times larger (200 MW), is planned: "Normand'Hy".
  • It will supply green hydrogen to manufacturers in the Seine Valley. TotalEnergies has already reserved half the capacity.
  • Air Liquide plans to have a portfolio of 3 GW by 2030.
  • Air Liquide currently produces 1.2 million tonnes of hydrogen a year worldwide, but the overwhelming majority is still of fossil origin.
  • "By 2030, grey hydrogen may account for only 50% of our business,
  • The group plans to triple its sales by 2035, to 6 billion euros, taking advantage of the growth in low-carbon hydrogen.
  • Germany sees hydrogen as one of the main vectors for decarbonization.
  • Hydrogen infrastructure plan in the coming weeks - a 10,000-kilometer network
Plastic Omnium benefits from U.S. green plan - 07/09/2023
  • Plastic Omnium to build and open a new hydrogen tank plant in Michigan by the end of 2026
  • This plant will be the "largest hydrogen storage plant in the United States"
  • Annual production capacity: 100,000 high-pressure hydrogen tanks
  • Total investment in the plant: $170 million
  • The Biden administration has allocated over eight billion dollars to develop green hydrogen infrastructure
  • Plastic Omnium's goal: three billion euros in sales of hydrogen storage systems and fuel cells by 2030
  • Total Group sales in 2022: 9.5 billion euros
  • 99% of tanks to be used in commercial vehicles
  • New plant in Compiègne to come on stream in early 2025, with full production capacity of 80,000 tanks a year
  • New plant in Shanghai, in partnership with China's Shenergy, to come on stream in 2026.

Companies quoted in this study

This study contains a complete overview of the companies in the market, with the latest figures and news for each company. :

Atawey
McPhy
Air Liquide
Hydrogen Refueling Solutions HRS
Engie Solutions
Hysetco
Hynamics
Mahytec (Hensold Group)
OPmobility Plastic Omnium Groupe
Roth2

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