1.1 Definition and presentation
Temping, also known as temporary work, involves hiring and paying employees for one-off, time-limited contracts, through temporary employment agencies. The employees are called temps, and the contracts are called missions. The temping market thus concerns temporary employment agencies (ETTs), which put temp workers in contact with user companies, i.e. companies that need temp workers for assignments.the temporary employment operation involves the conclusion of two contracts: the provision contract between the temporary employment agency and the user company, and the assignment contract between the employee and the temporary employment agency. During the assignment, the employee is legally attached to the temporary employment agency.
On a global scale, the market is set to experience sustained growth over the next few years, at a rate of 6% a year until 2030, to reach a market size of over $800 billion.
The temping market is on the rise in France, after a significant downturn due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The number of temps varied marginally over the year. There were 772,463 temps on September 1, 2023 . The temping market is subject to occasional changes, brought about by changes in legislation. For example, in 2013, regulations changed to allow the generalization of the CDI intérimaire (permanent temporary employment contract). More recently, at the end of 2022, the maximum duration of an assignment (36 months) was abolished.
The sectors that recruit the most temporary employees in France, and which have the best provisional results, are the tertiary (with catering, for example) and secondary (notably construction) sectors .
1.2 The global market
Evolution of the global temping market World, **** - ****, in billions of USD Source: ****
The size of the global temping market was USD ***.** billion in ****. According to forecasts, it is set to increase steadily over the coming years. The market is expected to grow at a rate of *% per year over the ...
1.3 French market
below is a graph showing the evolution of the temping market sales index.
Temporary employment market sales index France, **** - ****, index base *** in **** Source: ****
There has been a steady rise in the index, and therefore in sales, between **** and ****. This rise came to an abrupt halt in ****, as containment forced a ...
2.1 Demand driven by the secondary and tertiary sectors
in August ****, there were *,***,*** temporary workers. This figure was slightly down on the start of the year (***). However, this decline seems more seasonal than trend-related, since the average number of temps per year is relatively constant.
Breakdown of temporary staff by sector France, ****, in Source: ****
The breakdown of temporary staffing levels ...
2.2 Demand focused on blue-collar workers
Breakdown of temporary staff by qualification France, March ****, in Source: ****
The vast majority of temporary workers are blue-collar workers (***). Employees account for just **% of the workforce, and managers and professionals for **.*%. The needs of companies using temporary employment agencies are therefore highly targeted. Temporary employment is not at all representative of ...
2.3 Temporary work as a consequence of a mismatch between supply and demand on the labor market
The following graph shows the evolution of the job vacancy rate. The sample covers private-sector companies with ** or more employees.
Vacancy rate trend France, **** - **** Source: ****
This rate should be considered in comparison with the unemployment rate:
Unemployment rate trend France, **** - ****, in Source: ****
Job vacancies "are vacant positions, newly created ...
3.1 Simplified diagram of market structure
3.2 Number of establishments and employees
The data presented in this section are extracted from the URSSAF website, using NAF code ****Z corresponding to "activities of temporary employment agencies".
Number of temporary employment agencies France, **** - ****, in units Source: ****
Data analysis shows a steady increase in the number of temporary employment agencies over the past decade. In ...
3.3 A relatively uneven concentration of temporary workers
Number of temporary workers by region of temporary work establishment France, August ****, in units Source: ****
The distribution of temporary workers by region of the temporary work establishment is relatively heterogeneous. Île-de-France is the region with the highest concentration of temporary workers, with ***,*** temporary workers in August ****. Auvergne Rhône-Alpes follows with ...
4.1 Duration of proposed assignments
Average length of temporary assignments by sector of activity France, ****, in weeks Source: ****
Analysis of the data shows that the average duration of temporary work assignments in France varies according to sector of activity. The construction sector has the highest average duration, at *.** weeks. By comparison, industry and agriculture have shorter ...
4.2 Typology of proposed missions
As we saw in Part *, demand for temporary workers is driven by the tertiary and secondary sectors. In fact, as the market is tripartite, the supply from agencies depends on the needs of user companies. This section therefore focuses on the types of assignments offered by temporary employment agencies and their ...
4.3 Supply trends: temporary employment contracts
"The CDI intérimaire came into force following the national agreement of July **, ****. This new type of employment contract alternates periods of carrying out assignments and periods without activity known as "intermission periods", without the employment contract being broken."[***]
This format has enjoyed growing success since its inception, as evidenced by ...
4.4 Methods for building loyalty among user companies and temporary workers
as the intermediary between user companies and temporary workers, temporary employment agencies have to reconcile the needs of companies and temporary workers.
Attracting and retaining temporary workers
To attract workers, agencies sometimes offer optional services in addition to their legal obligations. More than just an intermediary, today's temporary employment agency aims ...
5.1 Current regulations
Reasons for using temporary work
A company may use temporary staff only for specific, temporary tasks, without intending to fill a permanent position linked to its normal, permanent activity. The law sets out an exhaustive list of cases in which the use of temporary staff is authorized. A framework agreement has ...
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J'ai trouvé la plupart des informations recherchés. J'aurais toutefois souhaité trouver un peu plus de profondeur sur certains aspects
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Statistical study a little succinct but satisfactory and serious It lacks comparisons in terms of figures (assets, inflows, by product) between the global market (including bank-insurance) for asset management and that of the CGP CIF brokers
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Quickly obtained and appreciable synthetic approach. For all that, the content remains quiterelevant!