Summary of our market study

French temping market estimated at over €37 billion

The global temping market, which includes temporary employment agencies, has experienced vigorous growth and is expected to grow at an annual rate of 6% until 2030, reaching a size of over $800 billion.

The French temping market, despite a significant drop during the Covid-19 pandemic, has rebounded, reaching 772,463 temps in September 2023 and surpassing pre-pandemic levels with total sales of 37.2 billion euros in 2022.

Regulations have changed, with the abolition of the 36-month maximum assignment duration at the end of 2022.

Trends and analysis of the temping market in France

The secondary sector (industry and construction) employs around 36% of temporary workers. Three quarters of temporary workers are blue-collar workers, and more than half are skilled. The tertiary sector accounts for 63% of temporary staff.

The number of temporary employment agencies is growing modestly and steadily, reaching over 22,000 by 2022.

The mismatch between job supply and demand is illustrated by the increase in the vacancy rate, which currently stands at around 2.3%. Temporary employment agencies, which act as mediators between companies and workers, play a crucial role in resolving this mismatch.

A handful of industry giants, with sales well in excess of one billion euros, dominate the landscape (CRIT, Adecco and Randstad). At the same time, a second group of companies with sales of less than a billion euros is carving out a significant share of the market.

Temporary staffing players


  • The CRIT Group
  • Adecco is a global giant
  • Manpower Group, another industry giant
  • Randstad


  • Triangle Intérim
  • The LIP group
  • Temporis
  • Gojob, a new player and leader in the digitalization of the sector

Get all the information you need
to understand this market

Detailed content of our market study


  • Number of pages : ~ 40 pages
  • Format : Digital and PDF versions
  • Last update :
Update Details

Summary and extracts

1 Market overview

1.1 Definition and presentation

Temping, also known as temporary work, involves hiring and paying employees for one-off, time-limited contracts, through temporary employment agencies. The employees are called temps, and the contracts are called missions. The temping market thus concerns temporary employment agencies (ETTs), which put temp workers in contact with user companies, i.e. companies that need temp workers for assignments.the temporary employment operation involves the conclusion of two contracts: the provision contract between the temporary employment agency and the user company, and the assignment contract between the employee and the temporary employment agency. During the assignment, the employee is legally attached to the temporary employment agency.

On a global scale, the market is set to experience sustained growth over the next few years, at a rate of 6% a year until 2030, to reach a market size of over $800 billion.

The temping market is on the rise in France, after a significant downturn due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The number of temps varied marginally over the year. There were 772,463 temps on September 1, 2023 . The temping market is subject to occasional changes, brought about by changes in legislation. For example, in 2013, regulations changed to allow the generalization of the CDI intérimaire (permanent temporary employment contract). More recently, at the end of 2022, the maximum duration of an assignment (36 months) was abolished.

The sectors that recruit the most temporary employees in France, and which have the best provisional results, are the tertiary (with catering, for example) and secondary (notably construction) sectors .

1.2 The global market

Evolution of the global temping market World, **** - ****, in billions of USD Source: ****

The size of the global temping market was USD ***.** billion in ****. According to forecasts, it is set to increase steadily over the coming years. The market is expected to grow at a rate of *% per year over the ...

1.3 French market

below is a graph showing the evolution of the temping market sales index.

Temporary employment market sales index France, **** - ****, index base *** in **** Source: ****

There has been a steady rise in the index, and therefore in sales, between **** and ****. This rise came to an abrupt halt in ****, as containment forced a ...

2 Demand analysis

2.1 Demand driven by the secondary and tertiary sectors

in August ****, there were *,***,*** temporary workers. This figure was slightly down on the start of the year (***). However, this decline seems more seasonal than trend-related, since the average number of temps per year is relatively constant.

Breakdown of temporary staff by sector France, ****, in Source: ****

The breakdown of temporary staffing levels ...

2.2 Demand focused on blue-collar workers

Breakdown of temporary staff by qualification France, March ****, in Source: ****

The vast majority of temporary workers are blue-collar workers (***). Employees account for just **% of the workforce, and managers and professionals for **.*%. The needs of companies using temporary employment agencies are therefore highly targeted. Temporary employment is not at all representative of ...

2.3 Temporary work as a consequence of a mismatch between supply and demand on the labor market

The following graph shows the evolution of the job vacancy rate. The sample covers private-sector companies with ** or more employees.

Vacancy rate trend France, **** - **** Source: ****

This rate should be considered in comparison with the unemployment rate:

Unemployment rate trend France, **** - ****, in Source: ****

Job vacancies "are vacant positions, newly created ...

3 Market structure

3.1 Simplified diagram of market structure

Source: ****

3.2 Number of establishments and employees

The data presented in this section are extracted from the URSSAF website, using NAF code ****Z corresponding to "activities of temporary employment agencies".

Number of temporary employment agencies France, **** - ****, in units Source: ****

Data analysis shows a steady increase in the number of temporary employment agencies over the past decade. In ...

3.3 A relatively uneven concentration of temporary workers

Number of temporary workers by region of temporary work establishment France, August ****, in units Source: ****

The distribution of temporary workers by region of the temporary work establishment is relatively heterogeneous. Île-de-France is the region with the highest concentration of temporary workers, with ***,*** temporary workers in August ****. Auvergne Rhône-Alpes follows with ...

4 Offer analysis

4.1 Duration of proposed assignments

Average length of temporary assignments by sector of activity France, ****, in weeks Source: ****

Analysis of the data shows that the average duration of temporary work assignments in France varies according to sector of activity. The construction sector has the highest average duration, at *.** weeks. By comparison, industry and agriculture have shorter ...

4.2 Typology of proposed missions

As we saw in Part *, demand for temporary workers is driven by the tertiary and secondary sectors. In fact, as the market is tripartite, the supply from agencies depends on the needs of user companies. This section therefore focuses on the types of assignments offered by temporary employment agencies and their ...

4.3 Supply trends: temporary employment contracts

"The CDI intérimaire came into force following the national agreement of July **, ****. This new type of employment contract alternates periods of carrying out assignments and periods without activity known as "intermission periods", without the employment contract being broken."[***]

This format has enjoyed growing success since its inception, as evidenced by ...

4.4 Methods for building loyalty among user companies and temporary workers

as the intermediary between user companies and temporary workers, temporary employment agencies have to reconcile the needs of companies and temporary workers.

Attracting and retaining temporary workers

To attract workers, agencies sometimes offer optional services in addition to their legal obligations. More than just an intermediary, today's temporary employment agency aims ...

5 Regulations

5.1 Current regulations

Reasons for using temporary work

A company may use temporary staff only for specific, temporary tasks, without intending to fill a permanent position linked to its normal, permanent activity. The law sets out an exhaustive list of cases in which the use of temporary staff is authorized. A framework agreement has ...

6 Positioning the players

6.1 Segmentation

  • Adecco Group
  • Ergalis (Actual Groupe)
  • Proman
  • Interaction Groupe
  • Temporis
  • Triangle Intérim
  • Adéquat
  • Randstad
  • Manpower Group
  • Groupe CRIT
  • DLSI Groupe
  • Camo Emploi
  • Pixid

List of charts presented in this market study

  • Share of temporary employment in total salaried employment
  • Trends in the global temporary employment market
  • Sales index for the temporary employment market
  • Sales trends in the temporary employment market
  • Breakdown of temporary staff by sector
Show more Hide

All our studies are available online in PDF format

Take a look at an example of our research on another market!

Do you have a question about this study?   +44 238 097 0676

Latest news

Temporary staff: start-up Iziwork acquired by Proman - 05/09/2023
  • Proman is present in 16 countries, including the United States, where it will generate $500 million in revenues this year.
  • Proman expects to record revenues of 4.15 billion euros in 2023.
  • Proman has 47,000 corporate customers.
  • Iziwork, created in 2018, has been profitable since the first half of 2023 and grew by 70% in 2022.
  • Iziwork achieved sales of 250 million euros in 2022.
  • Proman has acquired some twenty companies, including the American People Shares (120 million in revenues).
  • Mistertemp', a digital recruitment agency, is forecasting a record year with sales of 430 million euros.
Temporary work: fratricidal war over permanent contracts - 02/08/2023
  • The Contrat à durée indéterminée aux fins d'employabilité (CDIE) was included in 2018 on an experimental basis in the Avenir professionnel law.
  • In April 2023, the Contrat Durée Indéterminée Intérimaire (CDII) recorded fewer than 51,000 full-time equivalents (FTEs), or 6.6% of temporary employment, compared with more than 55,000 in 2022.
  • At the end of May, 792,600 people were working as temps in France.
  • The temping market in France is worth 30 billion euros a year.
  • Adecco, Randstad and Manpower hold 12 billion euros of this market.
Proman achieves record sales of 3.8 billion euros by 2022 - 25/01/2023
  • Sales in 2022: 3.8 billion euros.
  • Sales growth in 2022 versus 2021: +31%.
  • Sales target for 2025: 6 billion euros.
  • Presence in 16 countries.
  • 915 temporary employment and human resources agencies
  • 4th European player in temporary work and 13th worldwide in 2022
  • 4,000 permanent employees, 45,000 corporate clients, 100,000 temporary employees on assignment every day.
  • Over 50% of sales generated internationally by 2022
  • Two acquisitions in 2022: Timing (no. 3 in the Netherlands) and Trades Masters (United States).
Adecco: Denis Machuel's plan to regain global leadership in temporary staffing - 21/12/2022
  • Regain global leadership lost to Randstad
  • Simplification of brands (from 60 to 25)
  • Structural savings plan of 150 million euros by 2024
  • Integration of Akka Technologies, an acquisition finalized in 2022 to strengthen Modis, the Swiss group's other engineering specialist.
Adecco launched a CV-free recruitment platform for young people at VivaTech. - 15/06/2022
  • The "Premier job par Adecco et Qapa" platform is based on a different logic: job offers are based on the choices of candidates, who select jobs according to their aptitudes and aspirations.
  • 25-30% of temporary vacancies remain unfilled.
  • The digital temping market has grown 8-fold in two years, and over 8 million candidates are already registered with Qapa.

Companies quoted in this study

This study contains a complete overview of the companies in the market, with the latest figures and news for each company. :

Adecco Group
Ergalis (Actual Groupe)
Interaction Groupe
Triangle Intérim
Manpower Group
Groupe CRIT
DLSI Groupe
Camo Emploi

Choosing this study means :

Access to more than 35 hours of work

Our studies are the result of over 35 hours of research and analysis. Using our studies allows you to devote more time and added value to your projects.

Benefit from 6 years' experience and over 1,500 industry reports already produced

Our expertise enables us to produce comprehensive studies in all sectors, including niche and emerging markets.

Our know-how and methodology enable us to produce reports that offer unique value for money.

Access to several thousand articles and paid-for data

Businesscoot has access to all the paid economic press as well as exclusive databases to carry out its market research (over 30,000 articles and private sources).

To enhance our research, our analysts also use web indicators (semrush, trends, etc.) to identify market trends and company strategies. (Consult our paying sources)

Guaranteed support after your purchase

A team dedicated to after-sales service, to guarantee you a high level of satisfaction. +44 238 097 0676

A digital format designed for our users

Not only do you have access to a PDF, but also to a digital version designed for our customers. This version gives you access to sources, data in Excel format and graphics. The content of the study can therefore be easily retrieved and adapted for your specific needs.

Our offers :

The temp agency market | France

99 €
  • What are the figures on the size and growth of the market?
  • What is driving the growth of the market and its evolution?
  • What is the positioning of companies in the value chain?
  • Data from several dozen databases

Pack 5 études (-15%) France

75.6 € / study
378 € instead of 445 € -15%
  • 5 études au prix de 75,6€HT par étude à choisir parmi nos 800 titres sur le catalogue France pendant 12 mois
  • Conservez -15% sur les études supplémentaires achetées
  • Choisissez le remboursement des crédits non consommés au terme des 12 mois (durée du pack)

Consultez les conditions du pack et de remboursement des crédits non consommés.


Our customer references

They have consulted our studies Discover the opinions (+500)

Malcolm Vincent
Linkedin logo

Malcolm Vincent

Astoria Finance

Gregoire de Castelnau
Linkedin logo

Gregoire de Castelnau

Stags Participations

Timothé Huignard
Linkedin logo

Timothé Huignard


Paul-Alexis Kebabtchieff
Linkedin logo

Paul-Alexis Kebabtchieff


Aymeric Granet
Linkedin logo

Aymeric Granet

Publicis Consultant

interviews & case studies All interviews and case studies (45)

La pépite Interview

BFM Business

Paul-Alexis Kebabtchieff

Boston Consulting Group

Marie Guibart

Kea Partners

Elaine, Durand

Crédit Agricole, Information & Veille

Philippe Dilasser

Initiative & Finance

Anne Baudry


Amaury Wernert

Kroll (Duff & Phelps)

Smart Leaders Interview


Do you have a question ?
Our team is at your disposal at   +44 238 097 0676