1.1 Presentation and market definition
The market for modular construction refers to the construction of prefabricated buildings, including containers (or modules) directly designed in the factory and assembled at the construction site. Assembly makes it possible to create buildings capable of meeting specific or permanent needs: site boxes, offices but also new forms of housing such as container homes. The modules or containers are generally made of steel, equipped with plumbing, heating and electrical currents. The interior finishes are specified when leaving the production workshop. In this study, we will use the names modular construction and prefabricated construction interchangeably to mean the same thing.
Long thought mainly for the construction industry - for the site personnel in particular - and a temporary deployment, modular construction has over time become an important part of the a credible alternative to the construction of individual housing and offices . The modular construction market is divided into the activities of sale and to rental . Often, the modular construction allows you to to meet economic needs to install buildings on a temporary basis, when a building is under reconstruction or in rehabilitation, but also when a need for extension of offices or workshops appears in the tertiary sector.
The modular construction is therefore present in the construction sector in the public sector (emergency accommodation, sports changing rooms, school premises, etc.) and in the sector private tertiary sector (offices, shops and kiosks, events, health, etc.).
1.2 The global market for modular construction
Modular construction is part of the broader building sector, from which it can be both a corollary and a substitute. Indeed, in addition to reducing the construction risk inherent in construction activities, modular construction can have several advantages:
On a global level, the market for modular construction would represent approximately *% of ...
1.3 A German market that has been growing for almost 10 years
The BDF (***)
Prefabricated buildings have steadily increased in recent years in the share of building permits granted to Germans for single or shared houses, from **.*% in **** to **.*% in ****.
In order to estimate the market for prefabricated buildings in Germany, combining Prodcom data on national production with Comtrade data on imports ...
2.1 Profile of homeowners in Germany
Destatis, the national statistical office in Germany, conducted a survey on the nature of households in ****. In total, there were about **.* million households in the country. More precisely:
**.** million one-person households **.** million two-person households *.** million households with * or more persons
The graph below represents the share of these households that ...
2.2 A slightly increasing number of building permits over the long term
Although the number of building permits granted for housing has remained relatively stable year after year (***), the value of buildings has nevertheless increased significantly. The average annual growth in construction costs was *.*% between **** and ****.
This trend towards increased costs incurred for housing construction is encouraged by the increasing environmental ...
2.3 High land prices that encourage construction in rural areas
The data collected by Destatis make it possible to distinguish between price per square metre of building land in Germany according to the number of inhabitants of the city The more inhabitants a city has, the more expensive the building land sold is . Some price stability can be observed for cities ...
2.4 Decreasing 20-year mortgage rates, favouring construction
Finally, it may be interesting to look at **-year borrowing rates since they reflect the household borrowing costs for long-term projects . However, the latter has never been so low for about fifteen years (***), which should make it possible to boost household consumption and investment in real estate.
Evolution of interest rates ...
3.1 Market organization and dynamics
Combine the data made available by the BDF and the financial data provided by companies - collected by Orbis - provides an overview of market concentration but also of its position vis-à-vis large construction companies in Germany
In total, ** companies are members of the German trade union for prefabricated construction ...
3.2 The production system and its advantages
The production of modular buildings consists of the assembly of entire buildings in the factory from prefabricated modules that will then be placed on foundations. According to the IFS the production is carried out in a local factory with the creation of entire apartment blocks or building site modules Interior finishes ...
3.3 Much faster construction
Distribution in the modular construction market is made from modular construction manufacturers directly to customers, who can be individuals, companies or communities. After the customer has obtained a building permit, he can call on a modular construction company which, after the elements have been manufactured, installs them directly on site. The ...
4.1 Modular constructions adapted to the customer's needs
Several types of modular construction according to needs
The most well-known modular buildings are the prefabricated which has been the precursor of modular construction since the ****s, the modular building which consists of rectangular modules, and the sandwich panels which are made from a steel skeleton on which prefabricated panels are ...
4.2 Prices that vary according to the material used
In order to establish the average price of a modular house in Germany, we can use the data from Haus Journal which from time to time publishes the cost of building its turnkey prefabricated housing models. As a price per m * :
*,*** euros [***] * *** euros [***]
As part of an extension, the website ...
4.3 A construction sector that is evolving, through its offer and available technologies
Technological advances According to the IFS By ****, more than half of the construction companies will use *D printing and modular construction technologies. Robotics should also assist workers in repetitive tasks, such as the SAM*** developed by Construction Robotics *D printing a study of Larsen Partners which studies the value of *D ...
5.1 Current regulation
Building in Germany means respecting a number of standards there are currently some Approximately *,*** as defined in Focus . As a result, construction prices have increased by **% in about ten years. A significant portion of this increase is due to the implementation of environmental standards (***) which alone increased prices by **%.
Consequences of ...
5.2 Nomenclature used in the study
The Harmonized System (***), used by the United Nations to compile its international trade data, has just under **,*** different codes, each representing a specific product. The HS code used in this study are as follows **.**: prefabricated buildings The prodcom codes used in this study, which differ from the nomenclature used by EU ...
- Bien-Zenker GmbH
- Danwood S.A.
- ELK Fertighaus GmbH
- Schwörer Haus KG
- ALHO Systembau GmbH
- Wolf System GmbH
- Steico SE
- Adlerhaus GmbH
- Keitel Haus GmbH
- NORDHAUS Fertigbau GmbH
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