The global bioenergy market has been on a steady incline, reaching a valuation of $271.17 billion in 2023 with expectations to continue growing steadily. This growth aligns with the increasing global bioenergy production capacity, which peaked at 148,912 megawatts in 2022, indicating a 176% rise since 2008. In Europe, the total capacity rose by 64% from 2010 to 2022, demonstrating a firm commitment to renewable energy.

Specifically, in France, the bioenergy production capacity increased by 85% from 1.11 megawatts in 2011 to 2.051 megawatts in 2022. However, the country's trade balance in wood energy and biodiesel shows a growing dependency on imports, with imports of biodiesel rising by 131.63% from 1,350 million euros in 2018 to 3,127 million euros in 2022. In terms of investment, heat pumps lead the renewable energy sector in France with 40% of the capital expenditure, while bioenergy accounts for 11%. These figures mirror a global and regional shift towards bioenergy as a cornerstone in the move away from conventional energy sources towards a more sustainable future.

The Flourishing French Bioenergy Market: A Path Toward Renewable Energy Self-sufficiency

Amid the global imperative for sustainable energy solutions, France exhibits a notable demand for bioenergy, demonstrating the country's pursuit of environmental excellence and energy diversity. With bioenergy encompassing a spectrum of energy forms derived from solid, liquid, and gaseous biomass, French consumers and authorities alike have shown a robust interest in this sector. The utilization of resources such as wood, manure, cereal straw, and organic waste underscores the potential of bioenergy as both a versatile and renewable energy source, particularly in the forms of wood energy, biogas, and biofuels.

In recent years, the trend in France mirrors the global pattern, with an increased compound annual growth rate of around 9.4% anticipated between 2023 and 2028. In the local context, France's bioenergy production capacity has impressively scaled up by about 85%, from upwards of 1,110 megawatts in 2011 to over 2,000 megawatts by 2022. This expansion is not isolated but part of a broader European commitment to renewable energies, where bioenergy represents the lion's share—around 60%—of the renewable energy mix.

The country's pronounced interest in bioenergy arises from several societal and economic factors. French citizens exhibit a notable concern for local energy issues, with over three-quarters indicating interest and nearly a third considering themselves well-informed in this domain. Moreover, the prevailing energy monitoring practices among the French are predominantly driven by financial and environmental motivations, suggesting a societal convergence toward sustainable consumption.

Financially, the ascending natural gas prices—exemplified by a 93-point increase in the gas consumer price index from early 2020 to early 2024—render biogas a particularly enticing alternative. The promise of price stability in biogas, hovering at around 90 euros per megawatt-hour, positions it competitively against the erratic fluctuations in the broader energy market. Outstripped by imports, France's bioenergy trade balance reflects a reliance on foreign sources of wood energy and biodiesel, indicating an area ripe for domestic growth and investment.

In the realm of fiscal commitment, renewable energy sectors have seen substantial capital allocation, with particular earmarks for bioenergy-related investments in wood energy and biogas, though they receive a smaller share compared to other renewable areas such as heat pumps and photovoltaics. This investment demonstrates an ongoing dedication to fostering eco-friendly energy.

Pioneers and Innovators - Key Players Reshaping the Bioenergy Landscape

In a market that teems with innovation and dynamic growth, a tapestry of companies is actively weaving the future of bioenergy. These market players not only diversify the industry but also solidify its foundation, steering the movement towards sustainable energy solutions. Let's venture into the realms of these prominent entities that hold the reins of change in the bioenergy market.

Veolia and Suez: Champions of Waste-to-Energy Transformation Veolia and Suez lead the charge from the frontlines of water waste management, pioneering sophisticated methods to collect, treat, and metamorphose organic waste into valuable bioenergy. Their vision extends beyond mere waste management; they reimagine waste as a resource, powering communities and industries with renewable energy derived from what was once discarded.

Engie and TotalEnergies: Giants Forging the Path of Revolution Old players in the energy game, Engie and TotalEnergies, are lending their significant weight to the bioenergy cause. With sustained investment in research and development, they relentlessly pursue innovative energy solutions, showcasing their commitment to a future where bioenergy is a mainstay.

The Niche Specialists: Mintenergie, Ilek, and Ekwateur Mintenergie, Ilek, and Ekwateur may not boast the colossal presence of their counterparts, but they are integral cogs in the bioenergy machine. As specialized bioenergy suppliers, they bridge the gap between production and the end consumer, offering a tailored energy experience that's both green and keenly responsive to customer needs.

Enedis, RTE, and ELD: Pillars of Energy Transmission These Transmission System Operators are the unsung heroes who ensure that the generated bioenergy reaches consumers seamlessly. Enedis, RTE, and ELD maintain, operate, and develop the intricate web of energy distribution networks, facilitating a smooth transition from producer to consumer.

Paprec and Urbaser: Generalists with Green Goals Paprec and Urbaser stand out as waste generalists, managing the collection and processing of waste across regions. Their role in recycling and recovery is essential to the bioenergy lifecycle, transforming what was once waste into a source of sustainable energy.

Altawest: Technological Trailblazers At the cutting-edge of technology, Altawest designs equipment and services aimed at heightening energy and environmental efficiency. They supply energy producers and consumers with the tools necessary.

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Summary and extracts

1 Market overview

1.1 Definition and scope of study

Bioenergy encompasses all forms of energy derived from biomass. The nature (solid, liquid or gaseous) of bioenergy is determined by the initial biomass used and the transformation processes it undergoes. Wood and its derivatives, for example, are the main source of solid biomass, giving rise to solid bioenergies and wood energy in particular. Biogas, derived from processes such as landfill methanization, represents a gaseous form of bioenergy. As for biofuels obtained from cereal straw, they illustrate the liquid form of bioenergies derived from solid biomass.

Biomass encompasses all materials of animal or plant origin, and are therefore renewable. It has a wide range of applications, from food and feed to textiles, materials and energy production. The components used in bioenergy are numerous, including forest and agricultural residues such as wood, manure and cereal straw, as well as organic waste, green waste and sewage sludge.

The main bioenergies in France are wood energy, biogas and biofuels. The study will therefore focus on the latter.

The size of the global bioenergy market is set to increase over the next few years, with a compound annual growth rate of 9. 4% between 2023 and 2028. In France, total bioenergy production capacity has been steadily increasing for over 10 years, reaching 2051 megawatts in 2022. This reflects the country's commitment to diversifying its energy mix in order to reduce its environmental footprint.

The French bioenergy market benefits from a number of factors. Firstly, the French take a keen interest in local energy issues, and appear to be vigilant about the environmental impact of their energy consumption. Bioenergies have a production cycle that has less impact than fossil fuels, which is advantageous in terms of meeting today's environmental challenges. What's more, this market is strongly supported by the public authorities, who are setting up various schemes and investing heavily in R&D. Last but not least, there is a high level of investment in this market, enabling companies to innovate and remain competitive.

1.2 The global bioenergy market

According to The Business Research Company, the size of the bioenergy market has risen sharply in recent years, and was estimated at $***.** billion in ****. The market size is expected to continue to increase over the next few years, with a compound annual growth rate of *.*% between **** and ****. These data enable the ...

1.3 The European bioenergy market

European bioenergy production capacity Europe, ****-****, in megawatts Source: ****

Between **** and ****, Europe's total bioenergy production capacity grew relatively steadily each year, increasing by **% in ** years, from around **,*** megawatts in **** to **,*** megawatts in **** .

This gradual increase testifies to Europe's ongoing commitment to renewable energies and its transition to a greener, more sustainable ...

1.4 The French market

Total bioenergy production capacity in France France, ****-****, in megawatts Source: ****

France's total bioenergy production capacity has seen a gradual increase over the period ****-****. It increased by **% from *.** megawatts in **** to *.*** megawatts in ****.

This upward trend indicates a growing interest in renewable energies, particularly bioenergy, in the context of the ...

1.5 France's bioenergy trade balance

Data on foreign trade in bioenergies are scarce, but recent data on wood energy and biodiesel (***) can be analyzed.

Foreign trade in wood-energy :

Wood-energy trade balance France, ****-****, in millions of euros Source: ****

France's wood-energy trade balance between **** and **** shows an upward trend in imports.

Import values rise significantly, from *** million ...

2 Demand analysis

2.1 French people interested in local energy issues

French people's level of interest in energy-related issues in France France, ****, %, %, %, %, %, %, %, %, %, %, %, % Source: ****

The results show that the majority of French people are interested in these issues, with **% claiming to be very interested and **% claiming to be fairly interested. This suggests a significant level of attention to energy issues among the French ...

2.2 Rising natural gas prices make biogas an attractive alternative for French consumers

Gas consumer price index France, ****-****, index Source: ****

The graph above illustratesthe upward trend in the gas consumer price index over the period January ****-January ****.

This gradual increase, marked by fluctuations, suggests increased pressure on gas prices for French consumers. Initial values in January **** are relatively stable, but from September **** onwards, ...

2.3 Investment and R&D expenditure in renewable energies and bioenergies

Capital expenditure by businesses, households and government :

Investment expenditure in renewable energies France, ****, % Source: ****

Heat pumps represent the renewable energy sector with the highest capital expenditure, accounting for **% of the budget. Solar photovoltaics and onshore wind power follow with **% and **% respectively. Bioenergy, wood energy and biogas follow with **% and *% of ...

2.4 Growing demand for wood heating in the home

The use of wood as an energy source for domestic heating has grown significantly in recent years, reflecting increased interest in sustainable, environmentally-friendly heating solutions. Indeed, more and more homeowners are turning to wood heating for its economic, environmental and practical benefits.

Annual sales of wood-energy heating appliances for single-family homes France, ...

2.5 Demand for bioenergy varies by region

Bioenergy connected capacity by region in France in **** reveals significant differences in bioenergy demand by region.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Île-de-France and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur stand out as the regions with the highest connected capacities.

These regions could be benefiting from a combination of factors, such as favorable public policies, favourable natural resources or ...

3 Market structure

3.1 Number of employees in the bioenergy market

It is interesting to analyze the evolution of the number of employees in the bioenergy market in France, focusing in particular on the three main bioenergies: biofuels, biogas and wood-energy. These bioenergies play a central role in France's energy transition, offering sustainable alternatives for energy production.

Number of employees in the ...

3.2 Geographical breakdown of bioenergy production

Bioenergy production by region in France in **** shows disparities, with some regions posting much higher production levels than others.

The most productive regions areÎle-de-France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Hauts-de-France and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, which together account for a significant share of total production, sharing almost half of total output (***).

These regions probably benefit from ...

3.3 A host of committed market players

In the bioenergy sector, a dynamic and diversified ecosystem is developing to meet the growing need for renewable energy. A variety of players contribute to the production, distribution and supply of bioenergy to end-users, whether individuals or professionals.

Each market player contributes its expertise and resources to promoting the use of ...

3.4 Market development strongly supported by public authorities

Bioenergy professionals benefit from a strong impetus from public authorities to develop their activities. Subsidies and grants are a major source of income for some professionals.Public authorities are represented by the State and local authorities, as well as public operators and establishments such as ADEME (***).these players have set up ...

3.5 A market that attracts investors

The bioenergy sector is a market that is attracting investors, and in recent years several fund-raising and financing agreements have been signed. Participatory financing of bioenergy projects is also becoming increasingly popular, thanks in particular to online platforms specializing in participatory financing of the energy transition.

Participatory financing of bioenergy ...

4 Offer analysis

4.1 The different types of biomass used for bioenergy

In the energy sector, the term "biomass" encompasses all organic matter that can be used as a source of energy. These materials can be exploited directly, as in the case of wood energy, or after a methanization process to produce biogas, or after chemical transformations to create biofuels. They can also ...

4.2 The different forms of bioenergy

The form of bioenergy, whether solid, liquid or gaseous, depends on the nature of the initial biomass used and the transformation processes it undergoes.

Wood and its derivatives, for example, are solid biomasses, making them a major source of solid bioenergy. Biogas, produced by processes such as the biomethanization of waste, ...

4.3 The price of biogas

Biogas is emerging as a more environmentally-friendly solution than natural gas, since it is produced from the methanization process of organic waste.

These data highlight the diversity of offers on the energy market, providing consumers with a varied choice according to their environmental and economic preferences. The predominance of biogas in ...

4.4 Bioenergy: a more environmentally-friendly energy supply

Bioenergy is a promising renewable energy source, offering an alternative to fossil fuels such as oil and coal, whose reserves are gradually dwindling. Bioenergies are based on renewable raw materials available worldwide. What's more, they are rapidly renewable, thanks to the ability of forests to replenish themselves and the continuous production ...

5 Regulations

5.1 the Law on Energy Transition for Green Growth (LTECV)

The French Energy Transition Law for Green Growth, enacted in August ****, aims to help France combat climate change more effectively and increase its energy autonomy, while guaranteeing affordable access to energy. climate change and increase its energy autonomy, while guaranteeing affordable access to energy .

The Energy Transition for Green Growth Act ...

5.2 The European RED II Directive

Directive (***) ****/**** of the European Parliament and of the Council of December **, **** on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sourcescommonly known as RED II, establishes sustainability criteria for the use of renewable energies, in particular bioenergy. This directive follows on from a previous version in ****, and aims to ensure ...

5.3 Energy and Climate Programming Act

The French Energy and Climate Programming Act (***) sets out the objectives and priorities of the country's energy policy in response to the climate and ecological emergency. This law must be published every five years, before July *, and defines various objectives:

Objectives for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Targets for reducing final energy ...

5.4 The APER law (accelerating the production of renewable energies) of March 10, 2023

The APER law of March **, **** aims to simplify the installation of renewable energies in order to make up for France's lag in this area. In ****, France was the only EU country not to have reached the target of a **% share of renewable energies. In a speech in Belfort, the French President ...

List of charts

  • Number of waste collection centers
  • Quantities of waste collected at waste collection centers
  • Type of materials collected at waste collection centers
  • Ways of recovering energy from renewable waste
  • Gross electricity production from renewable municipal waste
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Latest news

With CPA, energy supplier Dyneff strengthens its presence in Northern France - 28/01/2024
  • The petroleum products trader CPA, recently acquired by Dyneff, handles around 200,000 m3 of fuel oil, non-road diesel and gasoil every year.
  • CPA has 5 employees and sales of 200 million euros.
  • Dyneff operates 130 service stations in France and Spain, 22 of which are located along motorways and expressways.
  • Dyneff has made 18 acquisitions in six years. Dyneff employs 840 people.
  • Dyneff has achieved sales of 3.9 billion euros in 2022.
  • Dyneff is 51% owned by the Singaporean fund AnAn International Limited and 49% by the Kazakh company KazMunayGas.
Service stations: TotalEnergies finalizes agreement with Couche-Tard for 3.4 billion euros - 04/01/2024
  • Assets acquired by Couche-Tard: 100% of TotalEnergies service stations in Germany (1191 stations) and the Netherlands (378 stations).
  • Joint venture in Belgium and Luxembourg: TotalEnergies (40%) and Couche-Tard (60%) to operate 606 service stations.
  • Supply by TotalEnergies for at least five years.
  • TotalEnergies has already sold its service station networks in Italy, Switzerland and the UK since 2015.
Service stations: TotalEnergies finalizes agreement with Couche-Tard - 04/01/2024
  • Sale of service stations by TotalEnergies to the Couche-Tard group: 3.4 billion euros
  • Total number of retail sites acquired by the Quebec group: 2,175
    • In Germany: 1,191 -
    • Belgium: 562
    • Netherlands: 378 -
    • Luxembourg: 44
  • TotalEnergies will retain 40% of the assets in Belgium and Luxembourg, which will be managed as a joint venture
  • TotalEnergies will supply these service stations for at least 5 years
  • The Canadian retail, food and fuel group Couche-Tard operates over 16,700 stores in 29 countries and employs over 150,000 people worldwide
Renewable energy distributor Ilek goes into production - 12/12/2023
  • Toulouse-based Ilek is preparing to build around 20 small photovoltaic farms on abandoned land.
  • The first of these farms was inaugurated in Lupiac, Gers, in September.
  • This photovoltaic farm can produce up to 249 kilowatt-peak, enough to power 70 homes.
  • The company also plans to carry out a dozen projects to build and purchase solar and hydroelectric power plants.
  • Ilek has been buying nuclear power from EDF since 2022, which it then resells at a higher price on the wholesale market.
  • Its goal for 2025 is to have 150,000 customers supplied by its own power plants.
  • Founded in 2016, Ilek currently has 150,000 customers, including 110,000 for renewable electricity and 40,000 for biogas.
  • The company obtains its supplies from 60 hydroelectric, wind and photovoltaic power plants, as well as 40 agricultural methanization sites.
  • The company has forecast sales of €170 million for 2022.
  • It currently has 200 employees
TotalEnergies raids Station F for start-ups - 12/12/2023
  • TotalEnergies has acquired four start-ups from its electricity gas pedal for a total of several tens of millions of euros: Dsflow, NASH Renewables, Predictive Layer and Time2plug.
  • Dsflow, founded in 2020, offers a software solution for large multi-site electricity consumers.
  • NASH Renewables is a German start-up offering a platform for optimizing renewable energy projects in Western Europe.
  • Predictive Layer is a Swiss start-up specializing in machine learning and artificial intelligence solutions.
  • TotalEnergies has acquired a 56% stake in Time2plug, a French start-up that installs charging stations at business sites in France.
  • Together, these four start-ups employ around fifty people.
  • In September, TotalEnergies also acquired Ombrea, a specialist in agrivoltaics.
TotalEnergies acquires 3 gas-fired power plants in Texas - 13/11/2023
  • Purchase price: $635 million
  • Power plant capacity: 1.5 gigawatts (GW)
  • Size of ERCOT electricity market (Texas grid): 26 million customers
  • TotalEnergies' gross installed renewable generation capacity in Texas prior to acquisition: 2 GW
  • TotalEnergies Texas renewable generation capacity under construction: 2 GW
  • TotalEnergies' renewable generation capacity in Texas under development: over 3 GW

Companies quoted in this study

This study contains a complete overview of the companies in the market, with the latest figures and news for each company. :

Total Energies
Office National des Forêts
Mint Energie
BPI France

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