Summary of our market study

The global battery market, valued at nearly $112 billion in 2021, is experiencing robust growth, particularly driven by the demand in the automotive sector including electric vehicles (EVs). Lithium-ion batteries, the most advanced in terms of sustainability, dominate the market with 38.32% of total revenues, alongside lead-acid batteries at 48.87%. The market anticipates a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.68% from 2022 to 2030, spurred by the rising use of batteries in consumer electronics and declining prices of lithium-ion variants. Investment in lithium battery factories soared to $131 billion in 2022, with a notable pivot towards electric vehicle batteries. Italy, while not a leader in lithium battery production, is expanding its capabilities with plans for three gigafactories, one of which is already in operation. Despite facing a trade deficit in the battery sector, battery consumption in Italy remains strong due to widespread use across portable devices, EVs, and renewable energy storage.

The COVID-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine conflict have not significantly derailed the market's upward trajectory, and with anticipated regulations phasing out non-zero-emission vehicles by 2035 in the EU, demand for lithium batteries is projected to climb further. Growth is also forecasted in the consumer electronics market and sectors requiring constant power supply, such as oil, gas, healthcare, and chemicals. Lastly, Europe's battery value chain is being fortified from raw materials to recycling, though future market consolidation is expected post-2030 as the market matures.

Trends and Dynamics in the High-Growth Battery Market

In recent years, the battery market, particularly dominated by lithium-ion and lead-acid variants, has seen robust expansion in the global scheme, with a significant rise in demand largely fueled by the automotive sector's shift toward electric vehicles and the general surge in consumer electronics. Globall, with a projected growth rate of roughly between 15 and 20 percent from 2022 to 2030, indicating a very positive outlook. These numbers underscore an ongoing trend toward more sustainable and advanced battery solutions, powered by incentives and a collective push for a more circular economy, particularly in Europe. Italy is mirroring this global trend, albeit with a less developed market in comparison to other European players such as Germany or France. However, significant investments are reshaping the landscape with the intention of adding three gigafactories to the national capacity; one with a production capacity between 5 and 10 GWh is already operational. These endeavors signal an emergent response to the burgeoning need for battery cells and the greater positioning of Italy within the European context. In the context of geographical specifics, the Asia Pacific region, particularly China, India, and South Korea, is emerging as the frontrunner with the most rapid growth.

This expansion is attributed to an increasing rate of electric vehicle adoption and various partnerships and product launches to facilitate this surge. Elsewhere, North America and Europe follow suit with substantial growth forecasts, propelled by similar factors and strategic investments. The Italian market, while not a European leader in production, is set to host three gigafactories, which mark an investment surge in the battery sector. At present, one factory owned by Faam is operational with robust investment, while others such as Itavolt and Automotive Cells Company (ACC) signal further advancements and substantial production capabilities for the near future. Despite these promising developments, the market is not without its challenges. Trade deficits are observed, particularly in the segments of lithium cells and lead-acid batteries where imports have been consistently higher than exports, leading to a coverage rate significantly less than 100 percent. This underlines a trade imbalance, with Italy experiencing a consistent trade deficit in the battery domain. When considering consumption patterns, there's a pervasive use of batteries across various applications. Consumer electronics like.

Prominent Market Players in the Global Battery Industry

The battery market has grown substantially in recent years, with several key players shaping the industry's landscape. These companies, through innovation and strategic initiatives, have positioned themselves at the forefront by offering a diverse array of products for various applications ranging from consumer electronics to automotive and industrial uses. Below we take a closer look at some of the prominent players mentioned in the text and their distinctive roles in the global battery market.

  • Johnson Controls Inc. Johnson Controls Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate producing a variety of battery types, energy storage systems, and vehicle components. They have established themselves as a significant player in the market by providing a comprehensive range of solutions that address the needs of modern energy storage and vehicle electrification.
  • GS Yuasa International LTD. Based in Japan, GS Yuasa International LTD. is dedicated to the production of batteries for a spectrum of purposes, including vehicles, industrial applications, and energy storage. Their proficiency in crafting reliable and efficient battery systems has earned them recognition and a loyal customer base across various sectors.
  • Exide Technologies Exide Technologies, hailing from the United States, specializes in automotive and industrial batteries. The company has built a reputation for its wide range of batteries that cater to different types of motor vehicles, commercial transport, and agricultural machinery. Exide's commitment to innovation and quality has helped them maintain a strong presence in the battery market.
  • LG Chem LTD As a conglomerate based in South Korea, LG Chem LTD has a diverse portfolio that includes the production of lithium batteries. The company is not just limited to battery manufacturing; their expertise extends to the chemical industry, where they provide materials for semiconductors and produce chemicals for rubber and plastics. LG Chem’s specialization in vehicle and energy storage batteries has made them an essential player in the advancement of lithium-ion technology. The battery market continues to be dynamic, driven by technological advancements and an increasing global appetite for sustainable and efficient energy sources.

These key players, through sustained growth and market positioning, contribute to the robust development of battery technologies that cater to current and future energy demands. Their efforts have not only revolutionized consumer electronics and automotive industries but also played instrumental roles in the growth of renewable energy sectors and large-scale energy storage solutions.

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Summary and extracts

1 Market Overview

1.1 Definition and presentation

The term battery refers to a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells and used to power energy devices. Batteries are used par operate most everyday objects such as cell phones, cars, computers, and watches. There are different types of batteries on the market, distinguished by type, primary and secondary, by application, by size, power, and more. The batteries that dominate the global market are lithium-ion batteries, accounting for 38.32 % of total revenues globally, including its variants, and lead-acid battery, accounting for 48.87 %.

As for the global market, this was worth nearly $112 billion in 2021, and the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) from 2022 to 2030 is 16.68%. This strong growth expected in the coming years is mainly due to the exponential growth in demand in the automotive sector, as well as investment in the expansion and installation of new production facilities to meet the demand for battery cells.

TheItalian market, inline with the global market, has been experiencing strong growth in recent years. However, Italy is not among the most developed countries for lithium battery production, but in recent years large companies have decided to increase the number of gigafactories and invest in the country as well. Italy will have 3 gigafactories in total, one of which is already operational, namely that of the company Faam with a maximum production capacity of 8.3 GWh per year, while other companies such as Itavolt and Automotive Cells Company (ACC) are in planning (there is an in-depth discussion in section 1.3).

In general, the main trend in the battery market that has been observed is the increasing use of lithium-ion batteries. These types of batteries, compared to competitors in the market are more advanced in terms of sustainability. This is why they are supported by numerous incentives especially European ones in a circular economy logic in different sectors. The sector that will focus most on this type of battery in the coming years in Italy as well is the electric car and transportation vehicles.

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Latest news

a new kind of battery capable, he claims, of powering aircraft - 20/04/2023
  • CATL's new battery has an energy density of 500 Wh/kg, twice that of the current "Qilin" model, which has an energy density of 255 Wh/kg.
  • The "Qilin" battery can propel an electric vehicle 1,000 km on a single charge. The technology used is called "condensed matter battery", and increases the efficiency of lithium-ion without compromising its safety.
  • CATL will be launching mass production for the automotive market this year.
  • The aviation version of the new battery will be ten times more expensive than the automotive version.
Electric cars: China dominates the battery market - 29/01/2023
  • CATL's first investment outside China 1.8 billion euros invested
  • Production of lithium-ion battery cells in Erfurt, Germany
  • 7 billion investment in second battery plant in Hungary
  • Batteries account for around 40% of the value of an electric vehicle
  • China now exports more cars than Germany
Batteries: Chinese giant CATL takes advantage of the electric car boom. - 23/06/2022
  • The world leader in lithium-ion batteries and supplier to Tesla has raised 45 billion yuan (6.4 billion euros) through a private placement.
  • It is neck and neck with South Korea's LG Energy Solution.
  • CATL occupies nearly 30% of the world market and more than half of the market in China, giving it powerful economies of scale.
  • CATL's market capitalization now approaches 180 billion euros.
  • CATL set a new record in December, with a market capitalization of 240 billion euros.
Chinese giant CATL is riding the electric car wave. - 23/06/2022
  • CATL, has raised 45 billion yuan (6.4 billion euros) through a private placement with institutional investors.
  • The Chinese battery giant is riding the electric vehicle boom.
  • CATL reaches a record high in December with a capitalization of 240 billion euros.
  • LG Energy Solution raises $10.7 billion in January.
  • BYD raises $1.8 billion in Hong Kong in October.

Companies quoted in this study

This study contains a complete overview of the companies in the market, with the latest figures and news for each company. :

FIAMM
EXIDE
FIB - Faam
Tesla
CATL
Automotive Cells Company (ACC)

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