1.1 Definition and scope of study
Precision cold-rolled stainless steel plays an essential role in many industrial sectors in France. This market report takes an in-depth look at the industry, focusing on key trends, key players and future prospects.
In France, despite representing only 3.5% of European precision cold-rolled stainless steel production, the steel industry generates considerable revenues, amounting to 21.37 billion euros in 2022.
The precision cold-rolled stainless steel market in France is largely influenced by key sectors such as automotive, aerospace, electronics and medical engineering. These industries have a constant need for high-quality materials that meet stringent technical requirements. Consequently, precision cold-rolled stainless steel is used to manufacture a wide range of products such as tubes, coils, trays and rectangles, tailored to the specific needs of each sector.
Renowned companies operating in these sectors, such as Airbus, Safran, Thales, Schneider Electric and Michelin, are major players in the precision cold-rolled stainless steel market in France. Their need for high-quality materials and their constant quest for innovation in their products and manufacturing processes make them key partners for precision cold-rolled stainless steel producers.
In terms of location in France, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region stands out, with almost 67% of employees specializing in this sector. The region boasts a dynamic and diversified industrial fabric, with the automotive and aeronautics sectors playing a predominant role. This makes the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region a strategic market for precision cold-rolled stainless steel manufacturers wishing to provide solutions tailored to these industries.
France also boasts several industrial production sites for precision cold-rolled stainless steel, owned by companies such as Aperam with its 4 production sites, Ugitech with its 6 sites, and ArcelorMittal with its 7 sites. These production facilities help meet national and international demand for precision cold-rolled stainless steel, while offering local expertise and customization capability for customers.
1.2 The European market
The steel industry in Europe
Steel is an essential material for the French economy. Positioned upstream of numerous value chains, French steel producers supply various downstream sectors, such as the automotive, aeronautics, construction and mechanical engineering industries. In this way, they contribute to the success of the ecological transition of French ...
1.3 The French market
The French steel market
Steel industry revenues (***) excluding VAT France, **** - ****, in billions of euros Source: ****
The French steel industry has grown considerably in recent years. In **** the market size was **.** billion euros; in ****, the equivalent figure was **.** billion euros. The drastic decline in **** was due to weakness in the construction ...
1.4 Imports and exports
The study of foreign trade associated with HS code ****** provides an insight into the international trade associated with this specific product. HS code ****** refers to cold-rolled stainless steel flat products with a width of *** mm or more. By analyzing the foreign trade data linked to this code, we can observe the ...
1.5 Focus on foreign trade
More specifically, we are interested in the following * codes, which belong to the category mentioned in the previous section:-********: Flat-rolled products of stainless steel, width < *** mm, simpl. cold-rolled, thickness <= *.** mm, nickel content by weight >= *.*%-********: Flat-rolled products of stainless steel, width < *** mm, simpl. cold-rolled, thickness > *.** mm but < * mm, nickel content ...
2.1 The main outlets for steel in Europe
Steel is an essential and ubiquitous material in many sectors of the European economy. Indeed, it plays a crucial role in industries such as construction, automotive, mechanical engineering and many others. Thanks to its strength, durability and versatile physical properties, steel is widely used in infrastructure construction, vehicle and machine manufacturing, ...
2.2 Demand for precision cold-rolled stainless steel driven by the automotive market
The advantages of precision cold-rolled stainless steel in the automotive sector
Precision cold-rolled stainless steel is used in automotive components such as cylinder head gaskets, bellows, and brake pad plates due to its unique and advantageous properties.
Stainless steel offers excellent corrosion resistance. Automotive components are subjected to harsh environmental conditions, ...
2.3 Electronics: another driver of demand for precision cold-rolled stainless steel
Rolled stainless steel plays an essential role in the electronic components market, thanks to its specific properties and superior quality. This type of steel is widely used in the manufacture of housings, connectors, electrical contacts and other electronic components. Laminated stainless steel offers reliable protection for electronic circuits against external elements ...
2.4 Medical engineering, another application for precision cold-rolled steel
Precision cold-rolled stainless steel plays a crucial role in medical engineering due to its unique properties. It is widely used in the manufacture of medical devices such as implants, surgical instruments and diagnostic equipment. The non-reactive nature of stainless steel ensures excellent biocompatibility, reducing the risk of allergic reactions or complications ...
2.5 Cold-rolled stainless steel for aerospace engineering
Precision cold-rolled stainless steel also plays a role in the aerospace industry. This high-quality steel is used in the manufacture of components such as aircraft structures, engine parts, propulsion systems, navigation instruments and communications equipment. For example, it is used in the construction of wings, fuselages and support systems, where its ...
2.6 List of major cold-rolled steel buyers
This table presents a list of well-known companies and their respective sectors of activity. These companies operate in a wide range of fields, including aerospace, automotive, electronics, chemicals, construction, electrical engineering, energy and more.
3.1 Value chain
The value chain for precision cold-rolled stainless steel comprises several essential stages:
*. WSL (***): This stage involves the manufacture of wire from stainless steel raw materials. The sintering process compacts the metal particles to form solid wires.
*. CBL (***): Once the wires have been produced, they are sent to the cold ...
3.2 Steel production analysis
The production process There are two distinct steelmaking processes: The blast furnace, made from iron ore and coal (***); The electric arc furnace (***), made from recovered steel. The blast furnace production process is described below Pig iron formation: iron ore and coke are fed into the blast furnace from above. The heat ...
3.3 Number of employees and companies in the sector and their geographical distribution
In ****, there was a significant increase in the number of employees specializing in cold-rolled steel in France, reflecting the promising development prospects for this sector. The number of employees rose from *** to *** between **** and ****, an increase of *.*% in one year. This increase reflects the growing recognition of the importance of cold-rolled ...
3.4 Precision cold-rolled stainless steel distribution and coil centers
*. ArcelorMittal Distribution Solutions: ArcelorMittal is a world-renowned steel company with a presence in France. With its **,*** employees, ArcelorMittal plays an essential role in the country's steel industry. In ****, the company produced around *.* million tonnes of liquid steel in France, affirming its position as one of the country's leading steel producers. Thanks ...
4.1 List of companies producing cold-rolled stainless steel in France
The largest industrial steel production sites
SMEs specializing in cold-rolled steel
4.2 The different types of products on offer
Precision cold-rolled stainless steel offers a wide range of products adapted to the specific needs of industry. These include cold-rolled stainless steel tubes. These tubes are used in many sectors, including the chemical, petrochemical and food industries, as well as in construction and medical equipment. They are distinguished by their corrosion ...
5.1 Legislation and standards
The EU is the world's second largest steel producer after China. The European Union has stated its ambitions to strengthen the steel sector, given its strong links with various related industries; by the end of ****, it expects the industry to account for **% of the Union's GDP. [***]
To achieve this, ...
The steel trade is governed by various customs regulations put in place to frame international trade and ensure compliance with safety, health and environmental protection standards. Among the most commonly used laws is the Customs and Trade Modernization Act of ****, which came into force on March **, ****, bringing significant changes to customs ...
5.3 Reindustrialization policies
Reindustrialization has become a priority in France, supported by initiatives such as the "Plan France Relance" and "France ****." These policies aim to stimulate economic growth, create jobs, and strengthen industrial competitiveness. In this context, the cold-rolled steel sector can be considered a potential growth driver. Cold-rolled steel is used in various ...
6.1 Summary of buyers, distributors and competitors
Listed below are the main buyers, distributors and competitors in the precision cold-rolled steel sector in France:
- Safran Groupe
- Zodiac Aerospace (Groupe Safran)
- Figeac Aéro Groupe
- Schneider Electric
- Legrand Groupe
- SEB Groupe
- Forvia (ex Faurecia)
- Michelin Groupe
- Plastic Omnium Groupe
- Renault Groupe
- PSA Peugeot Citroen
- Poclain Hydraulics
- Arkema groupe
- Fives Group
- Arcelormittal Centres De Services
- Thyssenkrupp Materials France
- NLMK La Louvière
- Nippon Steel Trading Europe
- Kloeckner Metals France
- Salzgitter Mannesmann International
- Outokumpu France
- IMS France
- Aperam Groupe - Alloys Imphy
- Paturle Aciers
- Aperam Groupe - Aperam Stainless France
- LISI AUTOMOTIVE NOMEL
- Aciers Coste
- METAL ROLLING SERVICES
- Saint-Gobain Groupe
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