1.1 Definition of the street lighting market
The public lighting market refers to all activities related to the energy sector that require the provision of a public lighting service (mainly street lighting) that all municipal authorities must provide in the areas they administer for their citizens - street lighting is defined as all equipment, articles and devices (street lamps, lamps, lighting towers, lighting, etc.) that compose and operate together to provide lighting for public places.
In response to the Länder government's recommendations on energy saving, municipalities have embarked on major renovations of their urban lighting systems, such as the city of Schnaittach, which has decided to replace the bulbs in its street lamps with more efficient LED lights.
Finally, this aging lighting system, including some points sometimes have more than 25 years old - the OECD considers that there are some about 9 million in Germany - benefits from new technologies and significant public investments, which make the German public lighting market a high-potential market for equipment manufacturers and network operators.
1.2 An important global market
According to the data of the AFE (***), about **% of total electricity production in Europe - or *,*** TWh in **** - is dedicated to lighting this represents *** TWh on the European continent. Part of this production is devoted to public lighting, but a large part is used for domestic or corporate lighting.
1.3 The German market is undergoing a metamorphosis
According to a article of the Zeit, a German newspaper, there is nearly ** million street lamps in Germany which represent about *% of total electricity consumption. In total, this represents a consumption of about * TWh according to the data of the ***.* TWh consumed in Germany in **** according to the figures of World ...
2.1 German cities and the determinants of their demand
Unlike Belgian motorways, which are illuminated at night, the option was only considered once in **** in Germany, only to be finally abandoned Local authorities are therefore the only consumers of electricity for public lighting.
As we have seen above, urban consumption varies greatly depending on their nature - urban ...
2.2 A desire to save energy through LED light bulbs
Save money by using LEDs
Under the impetus of the German government and its recommendations, the cities adopted a much more favourable posture towards LEDs understanding that the investment would result in long-term energy savings.
Many of them have therefore decided to renovate their lighting systems partially or entirely, as in ...
3.1 Market organization and dynamics
When taking the data on the distribution of expenditure items in the local authorities' budget for public lighting, it is clear that the network management (***).
Who provides the electricity?
Local authorities, when it comes to the supply of electricity, can contact the * large companies in the sector E.ON, RWE, EnBW ...
3.2 Production and distribution of electricity and equipment
In the public lighting sector, production is carried out by several types of companies:
The great groups which are either specialized in the production of lighting equipment (***)
The SME whose core business is lighting (***), which have been able to adapt to new trends and increasingly produce intelligent management and LED solutions. ...
4.1 A complex product with many variants
Installation of a floor lamp
Installing a street lamp involves several steps:
Connection to the power grid Generally, streetlights are connected to the electrical grid via a cable connected to a general control box, located in each street, connected to a central receiver that can control the boxes. Carrying system Installation ...
4.2 Prices vary according to the technology used
It is possible to detail the prices, lifetimes and average yields of the different types of lamps available in the retail trade for private individuals. Prices are from French sites, but should not be different from those in Germany, although prices for lamppost lamps are probably higher
On the other ...
4.3 Towards a more eco-friendly and "smart" offer
LED light bulbs and eco-friendly technologies
As we have seen, municipalities are renovating their lighting systems by installing LEDs, which saves electricity and therefore money in the long term In ****, * in *** street lamps used LED technology, in ****, this number was * in ** according to the report of PWC. For example, the ...
5.1 A regulation that favours the environment
The first rule on the manufacture of lighting equipment comes from the European Union, it is the ecodesign Directive ****/** / EC . Its requirements, as described by the European Commission, do not set an absolute value for lamp consumption but may require the product:
A energy-saving consumption To be recyclable Let ...
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