1.1 Definition and scope of study
Food supplements are foodstuffs providing a concentrated source of nutrients to supplement the diet, marketed in dose form. They may contain various ingredients (vitamins, minerals, plants and herbs...) and be marketed in various formats (capsules, tablets, powder...), to meet a wide variety of objectives: fight against stress, fatigue, digestive disorders, slimming, skin beauty, hair beauty, sports performance...
However, they are found between food and medicines, which cannot claim a therapeutic action but are recommended, in particular by health professionals. The uncertainties surrounding food supplements are all the more reinforced by the regular alerts issued by scientific committees on certain components of supplements, which sometimes question their benefits or even denounce cases of side effects.
Like the broader food industry, dietary supplements today are affected by trends towards naturalness and personalisation, leaving the door open for new small players to enter this changing market.
1.2 A growing global market
The global market for dietary supplements was estimated at $*** billion in ****, and is expected to continue to grow strongly at an average annual rate of *.*% between **** and ****, reaching $*** billion in ****. This growth will be driven by rising disposable income in many countries, but also a growing concern for well-being and health. ...
1.3 The domestic market
In order to estimate the size of the dietary supplements market in Belgium, we can rely on several data provided by the association of the dietary supplements industry in Belgium. [***]
Data provided by Prodcom Eurostat under code **.**.** (***) indicate that in **** Belgian production of food supplements amounted to ***.** million euro, up **% after ...
1.4 Foreign trade
For this part, the customs code closest to the category "food supplements" is considered to be ****** "Other food preparations". It should therefore be noted that the scope of the customs code under consideration is close to our object of study but is not strictly identical because it is broader. The code ...
2.1 Profile of Belgian consumers
Despite the absolute small size of the Belgian market among European markets, the annual per capita expenditure on food supplements is relatively high: indeed, Belgium ranks *th in Europe, with an average expenditure of **.* euros per year and per inhabitant on food supplements. This is less than the main European market ...
2.2 Application by type of supplements
Like the European market, the Belgian market is dominated by vitamins and minerals (***), which together account for almost half of the national market in value terms. Conversely, herbal and plant-based supplements are less popular than the European average, with only *% of the market. [***]
2.3 Demand driven by the growing attention to health and well-being
The demand for food supplements is strongly motivated by a growing concern of Belgians for their well-being and health.
Indeed, according to data provided by the federation of the food supplement industry, the risks of deficiencies can reach very high levels: for example, in ****, **% of men and **% of women were at ...
2.4 Demand driven by population ageing
As previously mentioned, senior citizens are among the population categories that consume the most dietary supplements. Thus, the ageing of the Belgian population is a direct factor in the growth in demand for food supplements.
The National Institute of Statistics estimates that the ageing of the population will intensify until ****. The ...
3.1 Value chain
3.2 Production and distribution
According to the Federal Association for the Safety of the Food Chain, there are about *** manufacturers of food supplements in Belgium. [***]
The production process of a food supplement is a strictly regulated process at the European level, which has to comply with numerous safety standards (***). Numerous federations and associations regularly carry ...
3.3 The main brands on the market
In ****, the dietary supplement market in Belgium was dominated by Procter & Gamble
Nevertheless, the market remains fairly fragmented in terms of market share, with a single player with a market share of more than **% (Procter
4.1 The different types of dietary supplements
Among the vitamins most in demand are vitamin A for visual health and immunity; B vitamins (***) for metabolic functions, vitamin C for vitality and natural defences, and vitamin D for strengthening bones. [***]
Within the vitamins segment, D vitamins account for **% of the market, followed by multi-vitamin supplements (***). Vitamin B or ...
4.2 A wide range of prices that reflects the diversity of the offer
Consumer Food Price Index
The first reading of the price of food supplements is the price of food in general, of which supplements are a part. The data provided by the Belgian National Institute of Statistics show that the consumer price index for foodstuffs reached almost *** in September **** (***). Overall, food prices ...
4.3 Towards naturalness and personalization
Towards more naturalness
New brands of organic and/or natural food supplements are thus gaining in strength: one example is the Bio-Life laboratory, which has a very wide range of all types of food supplements at its disposal. The brand guarantees a high bioavailability of the ingredients contained in its products, ...
5.1 The European framework for the food supplement market
The European Union has established a series of regulations, through the Directive ****/**/EC of the European Parliament, whose aim is to protect the health of consumers and to ensure transparency of information communicated on food supplements. This Directive defines food supplements as foodstuffs intended to supplement the daily diet, constituting a ...
5.2 Labelling of food supplements
As food supplements are part of the category of foodstuffs, they must also comply with precise labelling standards. Thus, the label must, among other things, include the following statements :
The name "dietary supplement" The reference contribution A warning about exceeding the recommended daily allowance A statement that supplements cannot replace a ...
5.3 The marketing of food supplements
Any placing on the market of a food supplement must be preceded by a notification to the public authorities. The undertaking must compile a notification request file, which must include the following elements :
Ingredient Information Nutritional analysis Product labelling
- Laboratoires Trenker
- Procter & Gamble
- Inula (ex Pranarôm)
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