The football club market mainly concerns the players of the League of Professional Football (LFP), which includes the French and Monegasque clubs with professional status, namely the 20 League 1 clubs, and the 20 League 2 clubs.
According to Le Monde, the "professional football" economic sector in France generated €2.210 billion in 2016, for the first time in its history, after 7 years of deficit. This figure shows a growth of 15%. But Paris Saint-Germain accounts for two-thirds of the growth of its peers. In France, in 2016, 3% of the French population belonged to a football club. France is part of the Big Five, with 15,000 football clubs, 2,124 million members, 5% of whom are women.
In 2016, transfers during the summer period amounted to more than €4.2 billion euros, driven by spending in the British Premier League, amounting to €1.4 billion euros. French League 1 generated a profit of €425 million euros in transfers.
The football club market is dominated by PSG, Olympique Lyonnais and OM, and a handful of other clubs, leaving little room for the remaining competitors.
According to a study by the Union of Professional Football Clubs, the growth of PSG masks the shortcomings of other clubs, suggesting that financial forecasts for the football club market may be difficult for the years to come.
The football club market is facing an increase in regulatory constraints (e.g. a proposed 75% tax on high incomes), as well as the financialization of the football economy, which has been marked by the arrival of investment funds.
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