France is the leading European producer of eggs. After facing a surge in egg prices in 2011, France experienced an overproduction crisis in 2013, with egg production volumes 20% higher than in 2012. In the spring of 2013, prices collapsed. At the same time, egg production costs are high due to the increase in feed prices and the high depreciation costs for new farms. The European Commission estimates European egg production in 2016 at 110.8 billion units, representing a +1.2% growth compared to 2015. In 2016, France produced 14.3 billion eggs, making it the European leader, ahead of Germany and Italy. France has 48.6 million laying hens divided into 4 breeding methods: fitted cages, outdoor, organic and ground-based. French egg consumption is higher than the European average: 230 eggs per inhabitant per year in France, compared to 203 in Europe.
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