Aluminium is a weak metal with a very low density and therefore very light and resistant. Its characteristics make it a key material that is found massively in the automobile industry (140 kilos per car) but also in the construction industry. Moreover, companies are investing heavily in research and development to include aluminium in many products (e.g. train or plane seats) to reduce their consumption.
The aluminium market in France is worth 5 billion euros. This represents a total production of 820 KT per year (source: aluminium.fr).
Competition is global in this market where China acts as a price shock absorber. When prices fall, China begins to import more aluminium for its industry. On the other hand, when prices rise, Chinese factories are able to start up quickly to reproduce massively.
The market has been oversupplied in recent years. This situation therefore implies regular plant closures and contains organic growth. In France, the last 15 years have been punctuated by mergers and acquisitions, particularly in response to the splitting up of the giant Pechiney.
The challenge for aluminium is to position itself as an essential material in the vehicles of tomorrow. Due to its lightness and strength, aluminium has serious benefits to develop by focusing in particular on the very favorable energy impact of using aluminium instead of plastic or wood.
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